Fermented products made from fruit are among the oldest alcoholic beverages. The Greeks already put in the antiquity Wine not only from grapes, but also from apples, dates, figs and other fruits. The Romans and Teutons also knew fruit and fruit wines. The mead (Melomel in the picture) was even considered a god potion in the Germanic myth. Today fruit wine or fruit wine is an alcoholic one fermentation of juice or mash from suitable fresh pome fruit (apple, pear, quince), stone fruit (cherry, apricot, nectarine, peach, sour cherry, all types of plums and plums), soft fruit (blackberry, strawberry, blueberry, raspberry, elderberry, currant / Ribisel of all colors, gooseberries) or other fruit, alcohol content of at least 1.2% vol. A fruit wine may also be made from fruit juice. The alcohol content can be fermentation reach up to 18 vol, which is sufficient for the fermentation batch sugar must be added. So-called "naturally pure" fruit wines (without added sugar) rarely reach over 10% vol. As a rule, depending on the product, the alcohol content is between 5 to 6.5 (cider) or 5.5 to 9 percent.
Do not count as fruit grapes, Excluded from this are wine grapes that are not of the species Vitis vinifera belong or do not come from a cross of the Vitis vinifera species with other species of the Vitis genus. The respective starting product is prefixed with the name, such as cider or Ribiselwein (Currant wine, corrian wine). The word wine must not be separated from the type of fruit (group). Names such as "wine from cherries" or "sparkling wine from pears" are not permitted.
In Austria With regard to the division into fruit type groups, a pome fruit wine must be referred to as "fruit wine", "fruit must" or "most", a stone fruit wine as "stone fruit wine" and a berry wine as "berry wine". On the other hand, a fruit wine made from several groups of fruit is known as fruit wine. This wine-like drinks are defined in the wine law (section "fruit wine").
In Germany "fruit wine" is not an official or legally regulated name. Fruit wine is usually called pome fruit, although the demarcation is not always clear and is also used synonymously for fruit wine. Officially, that is to say with the sales name, a distinction is made between "apple wine", "pear wine" and "fruit wine". The guiding principles for wine and sparkling wine-like beverages form the basis for this , These do not fall under wine law, but under the general provisions of food law.
A fruit dessert wine is one with alcohol . sugar or fruit juice mixed fruit or fruit wine. In Germany, more than 12.0%, in Austria at least 13.0% alcohol by volume is required. For a fruit or fruit sparkling wine, at least 1 to a maximum of 2.5 bar Carbonated-pressure carbon dioxide required. A fruit or fruit sparkling wine must be obtained by alcoholic fermentation from fruit juice or a second alcoholic fermentation of fruit or fruit wine. The carbon dioxide pressure must be at least 3 bar.
Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as the various types of wine, sparkling wine and distillate regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword Wine Law .
Image: Schäfer fruit wines