The red grape comes from the border area Italy / Switzerland, The name is derived from the French fumée (smoke) and refers to the waxy layer on the ripe berries. Synonyms are Fumen, Fumin Femmina and Fumin Maschio. The variety mentioned for the first time in 1785 under the name Fumen is one of the oldest in the Aosta Valley. According to in 2011 DNA analysis she is a parent of the variety Vuillermin, as well as closely related to Petit Rouge (Siblings). The long held assumption that Fumin and Freisa were identical, was refuted. The variety becomes a grape variety group in Switzerland Old plants counted.
The late ripening vine produces a bright, acidic, tannin-rich red wine with aromas of cherries. It is in Italian aosta Valley cultivated, where it is contained in the DOC red wine Valle d'Aosta Fumin as the main variety. The acreage in 2010 was 31 hectares with a downward trend (ten years earlier it was twice as much). Small quantities should also be in the Swiss canton Wallis give.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service