The white grape variety comes from Hungary. The etymology of the name is unknown despite many hypotheses. There are over 130 Synonyms, which testifies the old age and the wide distribution. The most important alphabetically grouped by country are Malvasia Verde ( Brazil ); White Landstock, Zapfner, Zopfner ( Germany ); Furmint Blanc, Sauvignon Vert, Tokay ( France ); Furmint Bianco, Furmint Giallo ( Italy ); Moslavac, Moslavac Bijeli, Pošipel, Pošipon, Sipelj, Šipon ( Croatia ); Luttenberger, flour white, Mosler, Moster, Seestock, seaweed berry, Weißlaber, Weißlabler, Weißlauber ( Austria ); Som ( Romania ); Šipon ( Slovenia ); Tokaisky (former USSR ); Arany Furmint, Budai Goher, Fehér Furmint, Lazafürtü Furmint, Szigeti, Valtozó Furmint ( Hungary ).
Lastly, in 2018 DNA analysis The variety comes from a supposedly natural cross between the Romanian Alba Imputotato x Heunisch ( Gouais blanc ). Incidentally, the same parents are also the varieties Frâncuşă and Javor big emerged. According to analyzes done in 2008, Furmint is a parent of the Tokayer variety Hárslevelü and surprisingly also the Swiss variety splashers, Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Altesse. Grasă de Cotnari. Kéknyelü. Pošip Bijeli. Sauvignonasse (in Italy Friulano, formerly Tocai Friulano) or Žilavka be confused. She was crossing partner in the four new breeds Bussanello. Fubiano. Vega and Zéta,
About the origin there are numerous assumptions. Allegedly, the Hungarian King Stephen II (1101-1131) or his successor Bela II (1110-1141) brought in the 12th century Italians who brought their favorite vine. According to a second version, Patriarch Bertoldo di Andechs in the 13th century sent the Hungarian King Bela IV (1235-1270) cuttings. After a third version, the variety was brought in the 17th century by the Venetian Baroness Aurora Katharina Formentini (1609-1653) for the wedding with the Hungarian magnate Ádám Batthyány (1609-1659). The name is also attributed to the city of Formia (Lazio). Against an Italian origin, however, speaks that one could not establish genetic relations between Furmint to Italian varieties (not even Tocai Friulano). Several in Hungary occurring color and somatic mutations speak in all likelihood for a provenance Hungary.
The late-ripening vine is particularly prone to Botrytis (Noble rot) and both mildews, sensitive to frost, but resistant to drought, It produces golden yellow, extract rich white wines with high acid and alcohol content as well as aging potential, which are outstanding for the production noble sweet Wines are suitable. The variety is mainly in the area Tokaj-Hegyalja for the famous Tokaj grown, where it occupies 95% of the area. In Hungary The total vineyard area is 4,165 hectares. There are more stocks in Brazil (13 ha), Austria (9 ha), Slovakia for the Slovak Tokajský (248 ha), Slovenia (651 ha) and Croatia (172 ha). In the world varieties ranking she finished in 2010 with a total of 5,276 hectares of vineyards rank 108th
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)