The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Arvino Nero, Cirotana, Gaglioppo di Cirò, Galloppo, Lacrima Nera, Magliocco, Mantonico Nero, Morellino Pizzuto and Navarna. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Frappato. Gallioppo delle Marche. Magliocco Canino. Magliocco Dolce or maiolica be confused. According to done in 2010 DNA analysis she is from a presumably natural crossing Sangiovese x Mantonico Bianco emerged. Gaglioppo is a parent of the species Frappato; with the variety Aleatico there is a genetic link.
The very old variety was first documented in 1240, when Emperor Frederick II (1194-1250) ordered "centum barrilia de bono vino de galloppo" (one hundred barrels of good gaglioppo). The name is supposedly of Greek origin. That would also correlate with the hypothesis of a Greek origin. Because according to an undetectable hypothesis, the wine is the ancient Olympic champion, the Krimisa been pressed. However, there is no DNA match with Greek grape varieties.
The medium to late ripening vine is prone to both mildews, but resistant to frost and drought, It produces ruby red, alcohol and tannin rich red wines with one Rosenton, It is mainly in the region Calabria, but also Abruzzo. Brands. Sicily and Umbria grown. She is in the DOC wines Bivongi. Ciro. Faro. Lamezia. Melissa. Sant'Anna di Isola Capo Rizzuto. Savuto. Scavigna and Terre di Cosenza authorized. The Italian acreage in 2010 was 4,214 hectares. In the world varieties ranking she occupies rank 121.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Image: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service