The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Arvino Nero, Cirotana, Gaglioppo di Cirò, Galloppo, Lacrima Nera, Magliocco, Mantonico Nero, Morellino Pizzuto and Navarna. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Frappato. Gallioppo delle Marche. Magliocco Canino. Magliocco Dolce or maiolica be confused. According to in 2010 DNA analysis is from a presumably natural cross Sangiovese x Mantonico Bianco emerged. Gaglioppo is a parent of the variety Frappato; with the variety Aleatico there is a genetic connection.
The very old variety was first mentioned in documents in 1240, when Emperor Friedrich II (1194-1250) ordered "centum barrilia de bono vino de galloppo" (one hundred barrels of good Gaglioppo). The name is said to be of Greek origin. That would also correlate with the hypothesis of a Greek origin. Because according to a no longer verifiable hypothesis, the wine is the ancient Olympic champion Krimisa been pressed. However, there is no DNA match with Greek grape varieties.
The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to both mildews but resistant to frost and drought, It produces ruby red, alcohol and tannin-rich red wines with one Rosenton, It is mainly found in the region Calabria, but also Abruzzo. Brands. Sicily and Umbria grown. It is in the DOC wines Bivongi. Ciro. Faro. Lamezia. Melissa. Sant'Anna di Isola Capo Rizzuto. Savuto. Scavigna and Terre di Cosenza authorized. The Italian acreage in 2010 was 4,214 hectares. In the worldwide varieties ranking it ranks 121.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Image: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service