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23.030 Keywords • 48.228 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.336 Pronunciations • 154.274 Cross-references

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Galen

Galen The Greek doctor and anatomist Galenos von Pergamon (129-216) was one of the most famous doctors of the antiquity, He was the personal physician of the Roman emperor Mark Aurel (121-180), whom he was primarily to protect against poison, as well as the emperor Septimius Severus (146-211). He studied in Corinth and Alexandria for twelve years and was then called to Pergamon (Asia Minor) as a surgeon of gladiators. His main tasks were the proper nutrition of the fighters and the care of their wounds. He claimed that not a single gladiator had died under him. He gained extensive knowledge of collecting medicinal herbs, the effects of which he systematically examined and documented. He combined all of the knowledge of his time into a teaching system that was generally applicable until the Middle Ages. It linked to that in the Hippocratic Medicine developed four-juice teaching (blood, mucus, yellow and black bile). Incidentally, this was later developed by Paracelsus (1493-1541) questioned.

Galenos recognized that health-giving and antiseptic properties of the wine. He wrote the treatise "De antidotis" about medicinal potions and antidotes. This also includes a detailed report on the Greek and Italian wines of his time. The Falernian was still the top priority for him at the time (although he expressly stated that it was often forged), the once famous Caecubian he no longer considered importance. He was awarded the Surrentine, the Sabiner and the Tiburtiner classified. He also proceeded methodically, first tasting the oldest wine and then trying the youngest. The Greek writer Athenäos (2nd / 3rd century) comedically describes a banquet of 24 famous scholars and lawyers in ancient Rome with Galen as one of the participants.

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