Autonomous region or historical landscape Spain with around 30,000 km² in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula, which extends along the Atlantic coast. The region borders in the south Portugal and to the east that closes Basque country on. with the Galicia belongs to "green Spain". Through high mountains of Castile and Leon an isolated development influenced by Portugal has taken place separately. Native Americans were the ones in the West Celts (Galicier = von Gallier) and in the east the Basques. In the 5th century the Germanic Swebes invaded and in 585 the Visigoths conquered it. After liberation from the Moors rule in the 8th century, it initially belonged to the Kingdom of Asturias, later to León and Castile. At the time of the independent kingdom of Asturias, Santiago de Compostela (the end of the famous pilgrimage route) was the capital.
The mountainous country is intersected by countless rivers with many valleys. For this reason, it is also known as the “Land of 1,000 Rivers”. These include Río Anllóns, Río Arnoia, Río Eo, Río Eume, Río Limoa, Río Miño, Río Sil and Río Tambre. The Atlantic style climate is characterized by mild winters and moderately warm summers with high rainfall. The area is one of the wettest in Spain. In connection with the many sunny days, it is therefore ideal for viticulture.
The winegrowing tradition dates back to the Romans. The predominant white wine variety Albariño ( Alvarinho ) is said to have been built by the Cistercian monks of the monastery of Armenteira. In the 14th century, wine was exported to many European countries. In the 19th century, Galicia was strong from that Phylloxera disaster strong affected. The world wars and an economic crisis had a negative impact on viticulture, which only slowly recovered after joining the EU in 1986.
The vineyards cover around 10,000 hectares of vineyards on mineral-rich slate weathering and granite soils. They are mainly in the south on the Portuguese border, preferably near the many rivers. The extremely high levels are significant for the region yield, The white wine varieties occupy two thirds of the vineyard area, the most important are Albariño ( Alvarinho ) Godello, Loureira ( Loureiro ), Treixadura ( Trajadura ) and Palomino, The main red wine varieties are Mencia. Garnacha Tinta, Tintorera ( Alicante Henri Bouschet ) and Bastardo ( Graciano ). The DO areas (quality wines) are Monterrei. Rias Baixas. Ribeira Sacra. Ribeiro and valdeorras, The IGP areas (Country wines) are betanzos, Ribeiras do Morazzo and Valle de Mino-Ourense.