The red grape variety comes from France, The full name is Gamay Noir à Jus Blanc because of its almost white flesh, to distinguish it from red-fleshed Gamay varieties. There are around 150 Synonyms, some of which are Beaujolais, Bourguignon Noir, Caracairone, Gamai, Gamai Chatillon, Gamay Beaujolais, Gamay Charmont, Gamay d'Arcenant, Gamay d'Auvergne, Gamay de la Dôle, Gamay de Liverdun, Gamay de Saint-Romain, Gamay de Sainte -Foix, Gamay de Toul, Gamay de Vaux, Gamay d'Orléans, Gamay du Gâtinais, Gamay Labronde, Gamay Noir, Gamay Ovoïde, Gamay Précoce, Gamé, Gammé, Grosse Dôle, Liverdun Grand, Lyonnais, Melon Noir, Petit Bourguignon, Petit Gamay, Plans Robert (independent clone ), Black melon grape. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Abouriou. Avana. Blaufränkisch. Gascon. Gouget Noir. Grolleau Noir. Pinot Noir. Troyen or valdiguié be confused.
According to a non-verifiable hypothesis, it is said to have been under the Roman emperor Probus (232-282) came to France from Dalmatia. But it probably comes from the Burgundy and may be close to the Gamay parish Saint-Aubin in the Cote d'Or named. The very old variety was first mentioned in 1395 in a spell of Duke Philip II the Bold (1342-1404). It speaks of a very bad variety Gaamez, from which lush quantities of wine arise, which is terribly bitter and which are afflicted with serious diseases. It was therefore ordered to destroy the vines all over the country or to stop planting them. This official ban was repeated several times until the middle of the 18th century and has recently established the rather poor reputation of this grape variety.
Through the collaboration of Dr. Carole P. Meredith and JE Bowers (University of California), and Jean-Michel Boursiquot (Montpellier) DNA analysis in 1999 the origin of the variety was clarified. It is one of the many natural crossings between the two leading varieties Pinot x Gouais Blanc (Heunisch). The variety was a cross partner in the new varieties Aris. AZ 15477. Florental. Galotta. Gamaret. Garanoir. Mara and Oberlin Noir, as well as parent of Meslier Noir, There are a number of other grape varieties with Gamay in their name. With four exceptions, there are no genetic relationships:
The early ripening vine is relatively sensitive and prone to Botrytis. grape. Black spots disease and brushwood disease, It provides refreshing, low-alcohol and low-tannin red wines with aromas of raspberries and cherries. As a rule, these should be enjoyed rather young. The means Maceration carbonique as extremely early to drink Beaujolais Nouveau produced wines are often pale and thin. In contrast, very good quality developed in barriques and a certain longevity in the Beaujolais Crus.
The variety is widespread in France and in almost all regions except in Bordeaux. Alsace and Corsica approved in many appellations. in the Beaujolais occupies around 20% of the vineyard with almost 20,000 hectares. The production of this red wine is precisely tailored to the characteristics of the variety, which is why the vine is aptly referred to as the "Beaujolais grape". in the Burgundy results in the blend with the Pinot Noir Passe-Tout-Grain (analogous Mixed sentence ). At the Loire it is represented in the rest of France with over 5,000 hectares and roughly the same amount. The French acreage totals 29,698 hectares.
In the Switzerland With 1,521 hectares, Gamay is the third most common variety. Here she is with the Pinot Noir to the well-known branded wine Dole blended. A special culture with a special one clone there is in the canton Vaud under the name of Plans Robert, There were further stocks in the European countries England (1 ha), Italy (122 ha), Luxembourg (98 ha), Portugal (1), Turkey (206 ha) and Hungary (3 ha).
Overseas there is smaller acreage in Argentina (1 ha), Brazil (16 ha), Chile (1), Canada (220 ha), New Zealand (12 ha), South Africa (19 ha) and Uruguay (9 hectares), as well as in the US states California. Michigan. new York. Oregon and Texas, The variety occupied a total of 31,927 hectares of vineyards in 2010 with a decreasing tendency (ten years earlier there were 37,796). It achieved worldwide varieties ranking rank 32.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)