The red variety comes from France, Synonyms are Barvarica, Fréaux, Friaux, Gamay Fréaux, Gamay de Fréaux, Gamay Teinturier, Gamay Teinturier Crni, Game Barvarica, Teinturier de Couchey, Teinturier Fréaux and Violet de Saint-Denis. It was in 1841 by the private breeder Antoine Fréaux at the community Couchey in the Burgundian area Côte d'Or discovered. It is probably one mutation of the variety Gamay (and not as previously suspected of Gamay Teinturier de Bouze ). The early ripening vine is prone to Botrytis. Black spots disease, Wood diseases and yellowing, It produces colorful red wines and is called teinturier (Dye grape) used. In the 1950s, it was in the Burgundy 1,700 hectares planted. In 2010 were in France (55 ha) and Moldova (55 ha) but only more small acreage reported.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY