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The white grape variety comes from Italy. Synonyms are Decanico, Dorana di Venetia, Garganega Comune, Garganega di Gambellara, Garganega Gentile, Garganega Grossa, Garganega Piramidale, Garganega Veronese, Grecanico, Grecanico Bianco, Grecanico Dorato, Grecenicu Biancu, Lizzara, Ostesa, Ostesona, Recanicu ( Italy ); Garganega Bijela Croatia ); Malvasia de Manresa ( Spain ). Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Dorona di Venezia. Ribolla Gialla or Vitovska be confused. The very old vine was already in the 13th century by Petrus de Crescentiis (1230-1320). As with some other Italian grape varieties, among others Greco a Greek origin is suspected, which would also be confirmed by the presence on Sicily. So far, however, no genetic relations could be established with Greek varieties.

Garganega - grape and leaf

The variety probably comes from the province of Verona in Veneto, Performed by several early 21st century DNA analysis revealed a wealth of sometimes amazing findings. Parenthood has not yet been determined, but Garganega is considered a European gene pool leading variety from which many others are descended. It is identical to the Grecanico Dorato (Grecanico) grown in Sicily and Malvasía de Manresa, formerly cultivated in Catalunya, Spain. direct Parent-offspring relationships (as a child or parent) are among the varieties Albana. Catarratto Bianco Comune (Child), Dorona di Venezia (Child), Malvasia Bianca di Candia. Marzemina Bianca. Montonico Bianco. Mostosa. Trebbiano Toscano and Susumaniello (Child). Furthermore, there is a genetic proximity to the varieties Corvina Veronese. Dindarella. Oseleta and Rondinella, The variety was crossing partner of the two new breeds Goldtraminer and Pirovano 91,

The late-ripening, high-yielding vine is resistant to fungal diseases, It produces white wines with moderate acidity and delicate almond and lemon flavors. She is also called table grape used. The variety is mainly in Veneto is common, but also in the regions Emilia-Romagna. Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Lombardy. Trentino-Alto Adige and Umbria grown. There she is among others in the DOC / DOCG wines Arcola. Bianco di Custoza. Colli Berici. Colli Euganei. Gambellara. Garda. Garda Colli Mantovani. Recioto di Gambellara. Recioto di Soave and Soave authorized. It will also be made from roséed Garganega grapes Vin Santo generated.

On Sicily it is distributed under the names Grecanico or Grecanico Dorato mainly in the northwest and west in the provinces of Agrigento, Palermo and Trapani. There she is among other things in the DOC wines Alcamo. Contea di Sclafani. Contessa Entellina. Delia Nivolelli. Erice. Menfi. Monreale. Sambuca di Sicilia. Santa Margherita di Belice. Sciacca and Sicilia authorized. The Italian acreage in 2010 totaled 15,375 hectares. A small inventory of 27 hectares was also available in the same year Argentina, The variety took in 2010 a total of 15,402 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 1990 with then 16,549 hectares, there was a slight reduction. It thus proved in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 50th

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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