The white grape variety comes from Italy. Synonyms are Decanico, Dorana di Venetia, Garganega Comune, Garganega di Gambellara, Garganega Gentile, Garganega Grossa, Garganega Piramidale, Garganega Veronese, Grecanico, Grecanico Bianco, Grecanico Dorato, Grecenicu Biancu, Lizzara, Ostesa, Ostesona, Recanicu ( Italy ); Garganega Bijela ( Croatia ); Malvasia de Manresa ( Spain ). Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Dorona di Venezia. Ribolla Gialla or Vitovska be confused. The very old vine was planted in the 13th century by Petrus de Crescentiis (1230-1320) mentioned. As with some other Italian grape varieties such as among others Greco a Greek origin is suspected, which would also be confirmed by the occurrence in Sicily. To date, however, no genetic relationships to Greek varieties have been established.
The variety probably comes from the province of Verona in Veneto, Carried out by several at the beginning of the 21st century DNA analysis there was a wealth of knowledge, some of which was astonishing. Parenthood has not yet been determined, but Garganega is considered to be in the European gene pool leading variety from which many others are descended. It is identical to the Grecanico Dorato (Grecanico) grown in Sicily and to the Malvasía de Manresa, which was cultivated in Catalunya, Spain. direct Parent-offspring relationships (as a child or parent) there are varieties Albana. Catarratto Bianco Comune (Child), Dorona di Venezia (Child), Malvasia Bianca di Candia. Marzemina Bianca. Montonico Bianco. Mostosa. Trebbiano Toscano and Susumaniello (Child). There is also a genetic proximity to the varieties Corvina Veronese. Dindarella. Oseleta and Rondinella, The variety was a cross partner of the two new varieties Goldtraminer and Pirovano 91,
The late-ripening, productive vine is resistant to fungal diseases, It produces white wines with moderate acidity and delicate almond and lemon aromas. It is also called table grape used. The variety is mostly in Veneto spread, but is also in the regions Emilia-Romagna. Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Lombardy. Trentino-Alto Adige and Umbria grown. There she is among other things in the DOC / DOCG wines Arcola. Bianco di Custoza. Colli Berici. Colli Euganei. Gambellara. Garda. Garda Colli Mantovani. Recioto di Gambellara. Recioto di Soave and Soave authorized. Raised Garganega grapes also become Vin Santo generated.
On Sicily it is distributed under the names Grecanico or Grecanico Dorato mainly in the northwest and west in the provinces of Agrigento, Palermo and Trapani. There she is among other things in the DOC wines Alcamo. Contea di Sclafani. Contessa Entellina. Delia Nivolelli. Erice. Menfi. Monreale. Sambuca di Sicilia. Santa Margherita di Belice. Sciacca and Sicilia authorized. The Italian acreage in 2010 totaled 15,375 hectares. In the same year there was also a small stock of 27 hectares in Argentina, The variety occupied a total of 15,402 hectares of vineyards in 2010. Compared to 1990 with 16,549 hectares at the time, there was a slight reduction. It thus demonstrated in the worldwide varieties ranking rank 50.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)