The white grape comes from Spain and belongs to the group of Garnacha varieties (see general information and pedigree there). Synonyms alphabetically grouped by country are Grenache Blanc, Rool Grenache, Silla Blanc, Sillina Lanc ( France ); Alicant Belyi, Gkrenas Mplan, Grenash Beli, Grenash Belyi, Grenash Bjal (former Yugoslavia ); Belan, Belon ( Croatia. Northern Macedonia ); Alicante Blanca, Bernacha Blanca, Garnacha, Garnacho Blanco, Garnatxa, Garnatxa Blanca, Lladanor Blanca, Sillina Lanc ( Spain ); Fehér Grenache ( Hungary ). It is a color mutation of Garnacha Tinta with yellow-green berries. According to DNA analysis it is not identical to the Granaccia varieties found in Sardinia (synonym for Vernaccia di Oristano ) and the no longer cultivated Cannonau Bianco (the red Cannonau is identical to Garnacha Tinta).
The vine ripening somewhat earlier than Garnacha Tinta has similar properties, but is less prone to Verrieseln, The berries often have characteristic red speckles of color. The variety produces white wines with high levels of extract and alcohol with low acidity and a floral note oxidation tend. In Spain it is mainly grown in the northeast and is there in the DO areas Alella. Calatayud. Costers del Segre. Navarra. Priorato. Rioja. Tarragona and Terra Alta authorized. In 2010, it occupied a total of 2,263 hectares of vineyards in Spain with a strongly declining trend (ten years earlier it was 4,333 hectares).
In France is as Grenache Blanc in the south of the Mediterranean coast, especially in the Roussillon up to the southern one Rhone represented, where she occupied a total of 5,004 hectares in 2010. Here it is used for the production of Vin doux naturels in the fields of Banyuls. Maury. Rasteau and Rivesaltes used. It is also in white Châteauneuf-du-Pape authorized. There are also smaller stocks in Croatia (24 ha), South Africa (46 ha) and United States in California (61 hectares). The variety occupied a total of 7,398 hectares of vines in 2010, with a downward trend (ten years earlier it was 10,821 hectares). It was in the worldwide varieties ranking at rank 90.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)