The red variety comes from Spain and belongs to the group of Garnacha varieties (see there the descent). There are well over a hundred Synonyms indicating the high age and wide distribution of the vine in many countries. The most important alphabetically grouped by country are Blue Alicant ( Germany ); Alicante de Pays, Alicante Grenache, Alicante Noir, Alicante Spagna, Bois Jaune, Gamay Perugino, Granache, Grenache, Grenache Noir , Navarre de la Dordogne, Redonda, Roussillon, Sans Pareil ( France ); Aleante, Aleante di Rivalto, Aleante Poggiarelli, Cannoao, Cannonaddu, Cannonadu, Cannonadu Nieddu, Cannonao, Cannonatu, Cannonau , Cannonau di Villasor, Cannonau Nero, Cannonau Selvaggio, Cannono, Canonao, Canonazo, Granaxia, Ranaccio, Tai Rosso , Tintoria, Tocai Rosso, Vrannaxia, Vernaccia di Serrapetrona, Vernaccia Nera ( Italy ); Grenache Crni ( Croatia ); Abundant, Abundant de Reguengos ( Portugal ); Alicante, Aragones, Bernacha Negra, Garnacha, Garnacha Negra, Garnacha Pais, Garnatxa, Garnatxa Negra, Garnatxa Pais, Garnatxa Tinta, Garnaxa, Gironet, Granaccia, Granacha, Granacha Fina, Granache, Granaxia, Granaxo, Lladon Aragonase, Lladon Negre / Negro , Licante, Tinta Menuda, Tintella, Tintilla, Tinto Basto, Tinto de Navalcarnero, Tintore di Spagna, Vidueño Negro ( Spain ).
It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Alicante Henri Bouschet (Garnacha Tintorera), Morrastel Bouschet (Garnacho) Plant Droit (Garnacha Francesa), Tempranillo (Garnacho Foño, Grenache de Logrono), Tinto de Navalcarnero or Vidadillo de Almonacid (Garnacha Basta). For the Garnacha Tinta could not yet Parent-offspring relationships be detected; the parentage is unknown. A presumably natural crossing Garnacha Tinta x Plant Droit comes from the Portuguese variety Olho de Cocco,
The late-ripening vine is prone to wrong mildew. Black spots disease and Botrytis but resistant to wood diseases such as Esca and eutypa dieback and therefore long-lasting. Another advantage is the resistance against drought in hot, dry areas, where she is often brought up in bush form. Thus she is predestined for the climate Change, The variety produces rather colorless and low-acid, soft but strong alcohol red wines. These are mainly for rosé wines or as Verschnittpartner with the tannin-containing varieties Tempranillo in Spain, as well as Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ) and Syrah used in France. The variety is considered genuine mass support, With correspondingly low yields, the variety can provide characterful red wines with storage potential. It belongs to the extended circle of the so-called Cépages classy,
In Spain, they occupy 70,140 hectares, with a downward trend, mainly under Garnacha Tinta (ten years earlier, there were 95,800 hectares). There it is mainly in the regions Aragon. Castile-La Mancha and Navarra grown in the central east and north. Especially in Navarra, it produces large quantities of rosé. It is approved in numerous DO areas, which are z. B. Ampurdán-Costa Brava. Calatayud. Campo de Borja. cariñena. Costers del Segre. Empordà-Costa Brava. La Mancha. Méntrida. Navarra. Penedès. Priorato. Rioja. Somontano. Tarragona. Terra Alta. Requena. valdeorras and Vinos de Madrid,
In France The variety is grown mostly as Grenache Noir, especially in the south of the country. With a total of 90,991 hectares, she is after Merlot the second most common strain. Alone in the department Vaucluse in the Provence This planted about 27,500 hectares. In the double region Languedoc-Roussillon occupied about 25,500 hectares. Among other things, it is also part of the wines in the appellations Vin doux naturel from Banyuls. Maury and Rivesaltes, in the Rhone Valley it is the main variety of the Châteauneuf-du-Pape,
In Italy The variety is mostly under the name Cannonau on Sardinia grown on around 6,200 hectares. Here is the DOC red wine Cannonau di Sardegna made of it. The little rest will be in the region Veneto cultivated under the name Tai Rosso (formerly Tocai Rosso). The Italian acreage totaled 6,372 hectares in 2010. There are more cultivated areas in Algeria (6,040 ha), Malta (25 ha), Morocco (802 ha), Israel. Croatia (103 ha), Portugal (84 ha), Tunisia (2,020 ha), Turkey (33 ha) and Cyprus (84 ha).
In overseas, there are cultivated areas in Argentina (16 ha), Australia especially in South Australia (1,748 ha), Brazil (1 ha), Chile (37 ha), China (11 ha), Canada (2 ha), Mexico (140 ha), New Zealand (2 ha), Peru (1 ha), South Africa (187 ha) and Uruguay (5 ha), as well as in the US states Arizona. California (2,497 ha), Oregon. Texas and Washington (106 ha). In 2010, the variety totaled 181,485 hectares, falling sharply (ten years earlier, 213,987 hectares). It is thus worldwide varieties ranking on rank 7.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Page: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)
Grape: By Josh McFadden - originally posted to Flickr as IMG , CC BY-SA 2.0 , Link