The red grape comes from Spain and belongs to the group of Garnacha varieties (see the parentage there). There are well over a hundred Synonyms, which indicate the old age and the widespread distribution of the vine in many countries. The main alphabetically grouped by country are Blauer Alicant ( Germany ); Alicante de Pays, Alicante Grenache, Alicante Noir, Alicante Spagna, Bois Jaune, Gamay Perugino, Granache, Grenache, Grenache Noir , Navarre de la Dordogne, Redonda, Roussillon, Sans Pareil ( France ); Aleante, Aleante di Rivalto, Aleante Poggiarelli, Cannoao, Cannonaddu, Cannonadu, Cannonadu Nieddu, Cannonao, Cannonatu, Cannonau Cannonau di Villasor, Cannonau Nero, Cannonau Selvaggio, Cannono, Canonao, Cañonazo, Granaxia, Ranaccio, Tai Rosso, Tintoria Tocai Rosso, Vrannaxia, Vernaccia di Serrapetrona, Vernaccia Nera ( Italy ); Grenache Crni ( Croatia ); Abundante, Abundante de Reguengos ( Portugal ); Alicante, Aragones, Bernacha Negra, Garnacha, Garnacha Negra, Garnacha Pais, Garnatxa, Garnatxa Negra, Garnatxa Pais, Garnatxa Tinta, Garnaxa, Gironet, Granaccia, Granacha, Granacha Fina, Granache, Granaxia, Granaxo, Lladoner Aragonase / Negro , Licante, Tinta Menuda, Tintella, Tintilla, Tinto Basto, Tinto de Navalcarnero, Tintore di Spagna, Vidueño Negro ( Spain ).
Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Alicante Henri Bouschet (Garnacha Tintorera), Morrastel Bouschet (Garnacho) Plant droit (Garnacha Francesa), Tempranillo (Garnacho Foño, Grenache de Logrono), Tinto de Navalcarnero or Vidadillo de Almonacid (Garnacha Basta) can be confused. So far, none of the Garnacha Tinta Parent-offspring relationships be detected; the lineage or parenthood is therefore unknown. The Portuguese variety comes from a probably natural cross between Garnacha Tinta x Plant Droit Olho de Cocco,
The late-ripening vine is prone to wrong people mildew. Black spots disease and Botrytis but resistant to wood diseases like Esca and eutypa dieback and therefore durable. That is also an advantage resistance against drought in hot, dry areas, where it is often raised in bush form. So it is predestined for the climate Change, The variety produces low-color and low-acid, soft but alcohol-rich red wines. These are mainly used for rosé wines or as a blending partner with the tannic varieties Tempranillo in Spain, as well as Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ) and Syrah used in France. The variety is considered a real one mass support, With correspondingly low yields, the variety can produce characterful red wines with storage potential. It belongs to the extended circle of the so-called Cépages nobles,
In Spain, they are mainly covered by Garnacha Tinta 70,140 hectares with a downward trend (ten years earlier it was 95,800 hectares). There it is mainly in the regions Aragon. Castile-La Mancha and Navarra grown in the central east and north. Large quantities of rosé are produced from this, particularly in Navarre. It is approved in numerous DO areas. B. Ampurdán-Costa Brava. Calatayud. Campo de Borja. cariñena. Costers del Segre. Empordà-Costa Brava. La Mancha. Méntrida. Navarra. Penedès. Priorato. Rioja. Somontano. Tarragona. Terra Alta. Requena. valdeorras and Vinos de Madrid,
In France the variety is mostly grown as Grenache Noir, especially in the south of the country. With a total of 90,991 hectares of vineyards, it is after Merlot the second most common variety. Alone in the department Vaucluse in the Provence around 27,500 hectares were planted. In the double region Languedoc-Roussillon it occupied around 25,500 hectares. There it is also a component of the wines in the appellations Vin doux naturel of Banyuls. Maury and Rivesaltes, in the Rhone Valley it is the main variety of the Châteauneuf-du-Pape,
In Italy the variety is mostly marketed under the name Cannonau Sardinia grown on around 6,200 hectares. Here is the DOC red wine Cannonau di Sardegna pressed from it. The little rest will be in the region Veneto cultivated under the name Tai Rosso (formerly Tocai Rosso). The Italian acreage totaled 6,372 hectares in 2010. There is more acreage in Algeria (6,040 ha), Malta (25 ha), Morocco (802 ha), Israel. Croatia (103 ha), Portugal (84 ha), Tunisia (2,020 ha), Turkey (33 ha) and Cyprus (84 ha).
There are acreages in overseas Argentina (16 ha), Australia especially in South Australia (1,748 ha), Brazil (1 ha), Chile (37 ha), China (11 ha), Canada (2 ha), Mexico (140 ha), New Zealand (2 ha), Peru (1 ha), South Africa (187 ha) and Uruguay (5 ha), as well as in the US states Arizona. California (2,497 ha), Oregon. Texas and Washington (106 ha). In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 181,485 hectares with a downward trend (ten years earlier there were 213,987 hectares). It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking in 7th place.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Sheet: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)
Grape: By Josh McFadden - originally posted to Flickr as IMG , CC BY-SA 2.0 , Link