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Historical landscape in Southwest France between the Pyrenees and the river Garonne, The Gascony encompasses today's Landes, Gers and Hautes-Pyrénées departments as well as parts of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Lot-et-Garonne, Tarn-et-Garonne, Haute-Garonne, Gironde and Ariège departments. The Spanish Aran Valley is also historic and linguistically to Gascony. In ancient times, Gascony was inhabited by the Aquitans, who, unlike the rest of Gaul, did not Celtic but probably spoke a language related to Basque. The name goes back to the Basque "Vasconia". The area of Aquitaine was incorporated in the middle of the 11th century and was under English rule for 300 years before it came to France in 1453 (see also under Bordeaux wine trade ). Even today that lies beyond the Pyrenees in Spain Basque country was one of them. The wine appellations lie in Gascony Cotes de Gascogne. Cotes de Saint-Mont. Jurançon and Madiran, as well as the brandy area Armagnac,

Gascogne - historical province and domains 1429

Left: by Poulpy , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Right: Von Wolpertinger, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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