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Historic landscape in Southwest France between the Pyrenees and the river Garonne, The Gascony includes the present Départements Landes, Gers and Hautes-Pyrénées as well as parts of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Lot-et-Garonne, Tarn-et-Garonne, Haute-Garonne, Gironde and Ariège, Also the Spanish Aran valley belongs historically and linguistic to Gascony. In ancient times, the Gascony was inhabited by the Aquitaine, unlike the other inhabitants of Gaul not Celtic but probably spoke a language related to the Basque language. The name goes back to the Basque "Vasconia". In the middle of the 11th century, the area of the County of Aquitaine was incorporated and was under English rule for 300 years before it came to France in 1453 (see also under Bordeaux wine trade ). Even today, lying across the Pyrenees in Spain Basque country was one of them. In the Gascony are the wine appellations Côtes de Gascogne. Côtes de Saint-Mont. Jurançon and Madiran, as well as the brandy area Armagnac,

Gascony - historical province and dominions 1429

Picture left: by Poulpy , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Picture right: Von Wolpertinger, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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