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The red grape variety comes from France, Synonyms are Cabernet Gros, Cayla, Franc Noir, Franc Noir de l'Jo, Franc Noir de l'Yonne, Franc Noir du Gâtinais, Gamay d'Orléans, Noirien, Plant de Moret, Plant de Villeneuve and Rochelle Noire. Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Gamay. Grolleau Noir (Franc Noir) or Tressot Noir (Noirien) to be confused. The parentage is unknown. Despite the name, it does not come from the Gascogne, but probably from the area around Orléans in the Loiret department in central northern France. It was mentioned as Rochelle Noire in 1667. The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to Botrytis and real mildew, It produces dark-colored, acid-stressed red wines. The variety is in tiny amounts on the middle Loire in the area Touraine cultured. In 2010, only one hectare of vineyards was reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ).

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012

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