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The red variety comes from France, Synonyms are Cabernet Gros, Cayla, Franc Noir, Franc Noir de l'Jo, Franc Noir de l'Yonne, Franc Noir du Gâtinais, Gamay d'Orleans, Noirien, Plant de Moret, Plant de Villeneuve and Rochelle Noire. It may despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Gamay. Grolleau Noir (Franc Noir) or Tressot Noir (Noirien) be confused. The parentage is unknown. Despite the name she does not come from the Gascogne but probably from the area around Orléans in the department of Loiret in central northern France. It was mentioned as Rochelle Noire as early as 1667. The medium to late ripening vine is prone to Botrytis and real ones mildew, It produces dark, acid red wines. The variety is in tiny amount at the middle Loire in the area Touraine cultivated. In 2010, only one hectare of vineyard was reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ).

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012

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