The "Geisenheim Research Institute" in the city of Geisenheim in Rheingau in the state of Hesse was founded in 1872 by the German banker Freiherr Eduard von Lade (1817-1904) as the "Royal Prussian School for Fruit and Wine Growing". The son of a wine dealer had acquired a considerable fortune from export, banking and arms business and retired in Geisenheim in 1861. He left there a luxurious country house in the classicist style called "Monrepos" (French "my retirement home") with extensive parks near the bank of the Rhine From then on, he established and devoted himself to private interests, the most important of which included fruit growing and the breeding of new fruit varieties. The Prussian King Wilhelm I (1797-1888) and the Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) he had sent boxes of apples and pears several times with the request that he be allowed to found a "pomological college" in Geisenheim, which he was eventually allowed to do.
With funds from the reparation payments from the Franco-Prussian War in 1870/71, a site near the banks of the Rhine was acquired and buildings were erected. Initially, the tasks of the institute were primarily in the areas of viticulture and pomology (teaching fruit growing), as well as the organization of studies in gardening and viticulture. The first four directors were Oswin Hüttig (1827-1889) from 1872 to 1874, Christian Arndts (1831-1888) from 1874 to 1879, Rudolf Goethe (1843-1911) from 1879 to 1903 and Julius Wortmann (1856-1925) from 1903 to 1921. The latter founded the first yeast pure breeding station in 1894 and dealt intensively with plant pathology (diseases), plant physiology, fermentation physiology and cellar management.
Traditionally, great attention is paid to the breeding of new grape varieties. Already Dr. Hermann Müller-Thurgau (1850-1927) worked at the institute from 1867 to 1890 and laid the foundation for the grape variety named after him. Later Dr. Heinrich Birk (1898-1973) headed the Rebzucht-Institut and tried to get an early maturing Riesling. Dr. Helmut Becker (1927-1989) was the head of the vine growing station from 1964 to 1989 and particularly promoted the breeding of new grape varieties. The breeding goals were yield security, fungus resistance ( Botrytis, Real and wrong mildew ), good maturity and high wine quality. These included the new varieties Allegro. Arnsburger. bolero. Ehrenbreitsteiner. Ehrenfelser. dark fields. good Borner. hibernal. Müller-Thurgau. Osteiner. Primera. principal. Reichensteiner. Rotberger. Saphira and Schönburger, A peculiarity is that Geisenheim inherited the Asian species Vitis amurensis used (see under rondo ).
Today, the Geisenheim Research Institute conducts applied and basic research in the fields of viticulture, horticulture, oenology and beverage research. As part of a close link with the RheinMain University of Applied Sciences in Geisenheim, five institutes with a total of 14 subject areas also support around 1,000 students in the fields of viticulture and oenology, beverage technology, horticulture and landscape architecture in lectures and exercises by the staff of the research institute. This is the only academic training in this area in the entire German-speaking area. There is also a cooperation with the well-known English training institute WSET (Wine & Spirit Education Trust). The aim is to implement and offer innovative research in practice in order to strengthen its competitiveness. See also under BDO and Wine event Geisenheim,
The Geisenheim Research Institute also operates a commercial winery. The vineyards cover 20 hectares in the vineyards Rheingau Individual layers Fuchsberg, Kitzberg, Kläuserweg. Mäuerchen and Rothenberg (Geisenheim), as well as church path and Magdalenenkreuz (Rüdesheim). They are over 80% with the white wine varieties Riesling. Müller-Thurgau. Pinot Blanc. Pinot gris. Chardonnay. Gewurztraminer and Sauvignon Blanc, as well as with the red wine varieties Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) Frühburgunder. St. Laurent. Merlot. Zweigelt. regent. Gamaret and Garanoir planted. The wines are marketed in the Schoppen wines, Monrepos and Rieslings lines. It will be too Eiswein, bottle-fermented sparkling wine, various noble brandies (yeast, pomace, wine, fruit), liqueurs (nut) and fruit juices. The winery is a member of VDP (Association of German quality wine estates).