The "research institute Geisenheim" in the city Geisenheim im Rheingau in the state of Hesse was founded in 1872 by the German banker Baron Eduard von Lade (1817-1904) as a "Royal Prussian educational institution for fruit and viticulture". The son of a wine merchant had acquired a considerable fortune with export, banking and arms shops and sat down in 1861 in Geisenheim to rest. He left there a luxurious country estate in the classicist style called "Monrepos" (French "my retirement home") with extensive parks near the bank of the Rhine From then on he built and devoted himself to private interests, among which fruit growing and the cultivation of new fruit varieties were among the most important ones. The Prussian King Wilhelm I (1797-1888) and the Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) he had sent boxes of apples and pears several times with the request to be allowed to found a "pomological college" in Geisenheim, which he was finally allowed.
With funds from the reparations payments from the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71, a site near the banks of the Rhine was acquired and buildings were built. The tasks of the institution were initially mainly in the fields of viticulture and Pomology (teaching of fruit growing), as well as the organization of a degree in gardening and viticulture. The first four directors were Oswin Hüttig (1827-1889) from 1872 to 1874, Christian Arndts (1831-1888) from 1874 to 1879, Rudolf Goethe (1843-1911) from 1879 to 1903 and Julius Wortmann (1856-1925) from 1903 to 1921. The latter founded the first yeast pure breeding station in 1894 and dealt intensively with plant pathology (diseases), plant physiology, fermentation physiology and wine cellar.
The breeding of new grape varieties is traditionally given high attention. Already Dr. Hermann Müller-Thurgau (1850-1927) worked at the institute from 1867 to 1890 and laid the foundation stone for the grape variety named after him. Later, Dr. Heinrich Birk (1898-1973) directed the vine breeding institute and endeavored for an early ripening Riesling. Dr. Helmut Becker (1927-1989) was director of the Rebsuchtstation from 1964 to 1989 and has particularly promoted the breeding of new grape varieties. The breeding objectives were yield security, fungal resistance ( Botrytis, True and false mildew ), good wood maturity and high wine quality. These were among others the new breeds Allegro. Arnsburger. bolero. Ehrenbreitsteiner. Ehrenfelser. dark fields. good Borner. hibernal. Müller-Thurgau. Osteiner. Primera. principal. Reichensteiner. Rotberger. Saphira and Schönburger, A special feature is that Geisenheim inherited the Asian species Vitis amurensis used (see under rondo ).
Today, the research institute Geisenheim carries out applied and basic research in the fields of viticulture, horticulture, oenology and beverage research. In close cooperation with RheinMain University of Applied Sciences, five other institutes with a total of 14 subject areas also provide lectures and exercises to around 1,000 students from viticulture and oenology, beverage technology, horticulture and landscape architecture in Geisenheim. This is the only academic education in this field in the entire German-speaking area. There is also cooperation with the well-known English training institute WSET (Wine & Spirit Education Trust). The aim is to put innovative research into practice and offer it in order to strengthen its competitiveness. See also below BDO and Wine Event Geisenheim,
The research institute Geisenheim also operates a commercial vineyard. The vineyards cover 20 hectares of vines in the Rheingau Single layers Fuchsberg, Kitzberg, Kläuserweg. Mäuerchen and Rothenberg (Geisenheim), as well as Kirchenpfad and Magdalenenkreuz (Rüdesheim). They are over 80% with the white wine varieties Riesling. Müller-Thurgau. Pinot Blanc. Pinot Gris. Chardonnay. Gewurztraminer and Sauvignon Blanc, as well as with the red wines Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) Frühburgunder. St. Laurent. Merlot. Zweigelt. regent. Gamaret and Garanoir planted. The wines are marketed in the lines Schoppenwine, Monrepos and Riesling. It will too Eiswein, bottle-fermented sect, various brandies (yeast, pomace, wine, fruit), liqueurs (nut) and fruit juices. The winery is a member of VDP (Verband deutscher Prädikatsweingüter).