Canton with the capital of the same name in French Switzerland in the southwest of the country. He is also one of the six Swiss wine regions. The vineyards on mostly clay, limestone and gravelly soils cover 1,340 hectares of vineyards around the city at the southwestern end of Lac Léman (Lake Geneva) and between the right bank of the Rhône and the French border (the so-called Mandement). Over half is with the variety Chasselas (here with a protected name Perlan ) planted. Other white wines are Müller-Thurgau. Aligoté. Chardonnay. Freisamer. Kerner. Pinot Blanc. Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon, The dominant red wine variety is Pinot Noir with one third of the area, others are Cabernet Sauvignon. Gamaret. Garanoir. Merlot and Syrah,
Geneva was the first canton to issue laws for the production of controlled-origin wines (AOC) in 1988. The classified AOC communities are Bardonnex, Céligny, Choulex, Choully, Collex-Bossy, Cologny, Dardagny, Hermance, Lully, Jussy, Peissy, Russin and Satigny (with just under 500 hectares the largest vineyard in Switzerland). Under the name "Cave de Genève" produce around one hundred wine growers on about 400 hectares of vineyards about a quarter of all Geneva wines. Well-known producers are Domaine des Balisiers, Florian Barthassat, Dupraz, Domaine Grand'Cour, Domaine des Molards, Domaine du Paradis and Ramu.