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The Near Eastern State (formerly Grusinia) east of the Black Sea in Transcaucasia is one of the oldest wine-growing countries. It is also called the origin of the cultivated grapevine called, but which is also awarded to other areas. According to one hypothesis, the 5,000 - year - old earthenware jars found near the town of Wani in Imeretia are said to have cores of Rkatsiteli vine have included. Already 7,000 year old grape seeds cultivated vines indicate a selection for the breeding better grape varieties. The archeology provided evidence that viticulture from its earliest days enjoyed great importance and was an integral part of Georgian culture. In the Museum of the capital Tbilisi (Tbilisi) is a silver-covered, short piece of vine wood, which was found in Trialeti in the south and whose age of 3.000 BC. Was determined. numerous Rebmesser, Stonemasons, mills, clay and metal vessels and jewelry in the form of grapes and vine leaves from the period between 3000 and 2000 BC Were excavated in Mukheta, Trialeti and Pitsunda and in the Alazani Valley.

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