Germany or the area that belongs to it today has more than two thousand years old wine culture. But already before, imported wine was drunk, which was one in one Celtic Grave found Greek wine bottle from clay from around 400 BC Chr. Proves. The oldest vineyards were on the shores of Rhine, Neckar and Moselle, These rivers with their elongated valleys, as well as their tributaries are still the classic growing areas today. Viticulture was founded by the colonization of the Greeks in Gaul and then brought to perfection by Roman culture. By the conquest of Gaul by Julius Caesar (100-44 BC), the Roman viticulture of the Rhone Valley to the Rhine.
The Roman emperor Probus (232-282) contributed to the further expansion of vineyards through promotional measures.