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Germany or the area that belongs to it today has more than two thousand years old wine culture. But already before, imported wine was drunk, which was one in one Celtic Grave found Greek wine bottle from clay from around 400 BC Chr. Proves. The oldest vineyards were on the shores of Rhine, Neckar and Moselle, These rivers with their elongated valleys, as well as their tributaries are still the classic growing areas today. Viticulture was founded by the colonization of the Greeks in Gaul and then brought to perfection by Roman culture. By the conquest of Gaul by Julius Caesar (100-44 BC), the Roman viticulture of the Rhone Valley to the Rhine.

The Roman emperor Probus (232-282) contributed to the further expansion of vineyards through promotional measures. In the 5th century, viticulture was already so widespread in the area of present-day Germany that Chlodwig (466-511) issued the so-called "Salic Law", which criminalized the theft of a vine. In the 6th and 7th centuries, viticulture spread to southern and northern Germany. The Frankish king Dagobert I (610-639) is documented as donor of vineyards churches or monasteries testifies. A viticulture in the Pfalz is by a document king Siegbert III. dating back to 653 and in the 8th century, well over a hundred wine-growing communities in the Palatinate are mentioned.

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