Classified as Cru (Top Appellation) area in the southern section of the Rhone, As early as 1924, an attempt was made to enforce its own designation of origin. At that time, the wine was a bit derogatory as " Châteauneuf-du-Pape pauvres "(Châteauneuf-du-Pape of the poor people). He is ready for drinking sooner than the "big brother", but also counts among the great French red wines. The vineyards cover 2,750 hectares, of which about 1,200 are planted. These are located exclusively in the municipality of Gigondas at the foot of the Dentelles de Montmirail mountain range in the Département Vaucluse, The name derives from the Latin Jucunditas (joy or well-being). This was a town built by the Romans, which was probably a resort. Supposedly it should Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD) have been a lover of wines.
In the 19th century, the area was the heaviest of the phylloxera affected, only from the beginning of the 1960s, vineyards were again created on slopes or large terraces. The very strong due to the soil (alluvial soil from red, scree clay) and the warm climate, strong alcohol and fruity red wine makes up 95% of production. It is made from Grenache Noir (maximum 80%), Syrah and / or Mourvèdre (at least 15%) and all other red grape varieties authorized in the Côtes du Rhône except Carignan (maximum 10%). In principle, the same applies to rosé. Well-known producers are Château de Montmirail, Château du Trignon, Château Raspail, Château Redortier, Château de Saint-Cosme, Clos du Joncuas, Domaine La Bouissière, Domaine Brusset, Domaine de Font-Sane, Domaine des Travers, Domaine du Cayron, Domaine du Grand Montmirail, Domaine du Pesquier, Domaine Raspail-Ay and Montirius,