Area classified as Cru (peak appellation) in the southern section of the Rhone, As early as 1924, attempts were made to establish a designation of origin. Back then, the wine became a little derogatory as " Châteauneuf-du-Pape des pauvres ”(Châteauneuf-du-Pape of the poor people). He is ready to drink earlier than the "big brother", but is also one of the great French red wines. The vineyards cover 2,750 hectares of vineyards, of which around 1,200 are planted. These are located exclusively in the municipality of Gigondas at the foot of the Dentelles de Montmirail mountain range in the department Vaucluse, The name derives from the Latin Jucunditas (joy or well-being). This was a small town built by the Romans, which was probably a place of rest. Supposedly it should Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD) have been a lover of wines.
In the 19th century, the area was heavily of the phylloxera affected, only from the beginning of the 1960s were vineyards laid out on slopes or large terraces. The red wine, which is very strong due to the soil (alluvial land made of red, rubble-containing clay) and the warm climate, makes up 95% of the production. It is made from Grenache Noir (maximum 80%), Syrah and / or Mourvèdre (at least 15%) and all other red grape varieties permitted in the Côtes du Rhône except Carignan (max. 10%). In principle, the same applies to the rosé. Well-known producers are Château de Montmirail, Château du Trignon, Château Raspail, Château Redortier, Château de Saint-Cosme, Clos du Joncuas, Domaine La Bouissière, Domaine Brusset, Domaine de Font-Sane, Domaine des Travers, Domaine du Cayron, Domaine du Grand Montmirail, Domaine du Pesquier, Domaine Raspail-Ay and Montirius,