The red grape variety comes from Italy, but the origin is in Spain, Synonyms are Gira, Girò Arzu, Girò Bragiu, Giró Chiaro, Girò Commune, Girò Commune Rosso, Girone, Girone di Spagna, Girò Nero, Girò Nieddu, Giró Nigro, Girò Rosso, Girò Rosso di Spagna, Girò Sardo, Mancés de Capdell, Mansés de Capdell (a Mansés de Capdell was the parent of Fogoneu identified; whether it is Giró is unclear) and Zirone. Despite apparently indicating synonym or morphological No similarities to the variety Garnacha Tinta (Gironet) to be confused. According to in 2007 DNA analysis it is not a color mutation of the white variety Giró Blanc in Mallorca. In the years 2010 and 2011 DNA analyzes showed a presumably natural parenthood for the varieties Albaranzeuli Bianco and Callet Cas Concos,
The medium to late ripening vine is particularly suitable for hot and dry climates. It produces tannin-rich, but rather low-acid red wines with cherry flavors. It was presumably from the Iberian Peninsula along with the varieties during the Spanish occupation from 1323 to 1720 Graciano (Cagnulari) mazuelo (Bovale Grande) and Pascale to Sardinia introduced. Until the end of the 19th century it was until the arrival of the phylloxera widespread in Sardinia. Today the variety is still grown here in the two provinces of Cagliari and Oristano. The DOC red wine Girò di Cagliari is made from it in a single variety. The Italian acreage in 2010 totaled 200 hectares, with a downward trend, since in 2000 it was 537 hectares.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service