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glass seal

For a long time, wine was marketed in barrels and only bottled by the last seller or consumer in keline containers. From the advent of glass bottles from the mid-17th century, it was also common to melt a glass seal. On the seal were the glassworks or the manufacturer in question, the size of the bottle and partly also the nominal volume called. The latter should prevent a Schankverwug by too small bottles. In the Glashütte Holzen (Holzminden, Lower Saxony), which existed from 1744 to 1768, bottles with glass seals were manufactured, among other things. During excavations at the former permanent establishment numerous glass seals were salvaged. Among them were motifs with a lion, a jumping horse, a deer, with three leaves or monograms, such as the letters "W" and "C" for Carl. I., who had initiated the founding of the glassworks as Duke. These bottles were mainly used by the nobility and the upper middle class, as well as inns and taverns. See also below bottles and wine vessels,

From photo: Axel Hindemith /, CC BY 3.0 , link

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