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Gmelin Johann Georg

The German botanist Johann Georg Gmelin (1709-1755) was born the son of a famous Württemberger researcher family, which produced a number of important scientists. He finished in Tübingen, the study of medicine and natural sciences with distinction and received in 1731 as a 22 -year-old professor of chemistry and natural history. In 1724 he was appointed Assistant Professor of Natural Sciences by Tsar Peter the Great (1672-1725) to the Russian Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg. In 1733 he started with a group of professionals the Great Nordic Expedition, which was to last ten years. He explored the flora of Siberia and the Northeast Asian peninsula Kamtschakta, including the local diversity of Wild vines, He wrote the book "Flora sibirica sive Historia plantarum sibiriae". Gmelin was the first to identify the wild vine Vitis vinifera ssp named after him. sylvestris gmelin as its own subspecies of the species Vitis vinifera. The name part "Gmelin" is mostly omitted. The Russian botanist NI Vavilov (1887-1943) bordered by the way a second subspecies named after him from (see under Vines systematics ). Johann Georg Gmelin was the uncle of the chemist Leopold Gmelin (1788-1853). This became famous with the "Handbook of Inorganic Chemistry", in which he captured all the chemical knowledge of his time. He worked among others on the yellow Ferrocyanide and created the term ester,

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