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Gmelin Johann Georg

The German botanist Johann Georg Gmelin (1709-1755) was born the son of a famous researcher family from Württemberg, who produced a number of important scientists. He graduated with honors in medicine and natural sciences in Tübingen and in 1731, at the age of 22, was awarded the title of professor of chemistry and natural history. From Tsar Peter the Great (1672-1725) he was appointed assistant professor of natural sciences at the Russian Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg in 1724. In 1733 he started the Great Nordic Expedition with a group of specialists, which was to last for ten years. He researched the flora of Siberia and the Northeast Asian peninsula of Kamchakta, including the diversity of the region Wild vines, He also wrote the work "Flora sibirica sive Historia plantarum sibiriae". Gmelin was the first to border the wild grape Vitis vinifera ssp. sylvestris Gmelin as a separate subspecies of the species Vitis vinifera. The name part "Gmelin" is mostly omitted. The Russian botanist NI Vavilov (1887-1943) distinguished a second subspecies named after him (see under Vines systematics ). Johann Georg Gmelin was the uncle of the chemist Leopold Gmelin (1788-1853). The latter became famous with the “Handbook of Inorganic Chemistry”, in which he captured the entire chemical knowledge of his time. Among other things, he worked on the yellow one Ferrocyanide and created the term ester,

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