The white grape variety comes from Spain. Synonyms are Agodenho, Agudelha, Agudelho, Agudenho, Gouveio as the second main name, Verdelho, Verdelho Branco, Verdelho do Dão ( Portugal ); Agodello, Berdello, Godelho, Godella, Godenho, Ojo de Gallo, Prieto Picudo Blanco, Trincadente ( Spain ); and a number of other names that confusingly refer to the varieties listed below. The old variety most probably comes from the banks of the Río Sil in Galicia, in northwestern Spain. It was first mentioned in 1531 by the Ampelographen Rui Fernandes under Agudelho and Trincadente in the Portguguese Douro.
The variety is confusingly grown under different names often with other name-like varieties in Spain and Portugal. Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Folha de Figueira (Prieto Picudo Blanco), Gouveio Real (Agodello) Verdejo. Verdello or Verdelho be confused. According to DNA analysis are the Portuguese varieties Gouveio , the mutated red-berry Gouveio Roxo and the Verdelho (Verdelho do Dão) in the area Dão identical. The latter should not be confused with the "real" Verdelho in Madeira. According to DNA analyzes carried out in 2013, Gouveio (Godello) is probably due to natural crossing of Savagnin Blanc ( Traminer x Castellana Blanca emerged. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see below molecular Genetics ).
The early-ripening, high-yielding vine has sugar-rich berries, is prone to real mildew and Botrytis as well as slightly less sensitive to downy mildew. It is ideal for dry locations. The variety produces straw-yellow, acid-stressed and rather low-alcohol wines with a delicate, fruity aroma of green apples and apricots, which also have aging potential when expanded accordingly.
The variety was in the 1970s in Spain with only a few hundred vines near extinction, but was revived successfully. She will be here especially in Galicia in the DO area valdeorras, as well as in the fields Bierzo. Monterrei. Ribeira Sacra and Ribeiro grown on 604 hectares. In Portugal she will (partly under the name Verdelho) in the fields Douro and dão cultivated on 490 hectares, as well as the red-berry mutation Gouveio Roxo on 238 hectares. A tiny holding of Godello with 0.5 hectares is also available in Brazil, In 2010, under the name Godello, a total of 1,094 hectares were designated (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)