The white grape variety comes from Spain. Synonyms are Agodenho, Agudelha, Agudelho, Agudenho, Gouveio as the second main name, Verdelho, Verdelho Branco, Verdelho do Dão ( Portugal ); Agodello, Berdello, Godelho, Godella, Godenho, Ojo de Gallo, Prieto Picudo Blanco, Trincadente ( Spain ); as well as a number of other names that confusingly refer to the varieties listed below. The old variety most likely comes from the banks of the Río Sil in Galicia, in northwestern Spain. It was first mentioned in 1531 by the ampelographer Rui Fernandes under Agudelho and Trincadente in Douro, Portugal.
Confusingly, the variety is grown under different names, often with other similar varieties in Spain and Portugal. Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Folha de Figueira (Prieto Picudo Blanco), Gouveio Real (Agodello) Verdejo. Verdello or Verdelho be confused. According to DNA analysis the Portuguese varieties Gouveio , the mutated red berry Gouveio Roxo and the Verdelho (Verdelho do Dão) in the Dão area are identical. The latter should not be confused with the "real" Verdelho in Madeira. According to DNA analyzes carried out in 2013, Gouveio (Godello) is probably due to the natural crossing of Savagnin Blanc ( Traminer ) x Castellana Blanca emerged. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ).
The early ripening, high-yielding vine has sugar-rich berries and is susceptible to real ones mildew and Botrytis as well as a little less sensitive to downy mildew. It is ideal for dry locations. The variety produces straw-yellow, acid-stressed and rather low-alcohol wines with a delicate, fruity aroma of green apples and apricots, which, with appropriate expansion, also have aging potential.
The variety was in in the 1970s Spain with only a few hundred vines shortly before extinction, but was successfully revived. She is mainly in here Galicia in the DO area valdeorras, as well as in the areas Bierzo. Monterrei. Ribeira Sacra and Ribeiro grown on 604 hectares. In Portugal it will (partly under the name Verdelho) in the areas Douro and dão on 490 hectares, as well as the red berry mutation Gouveio Roxo on 238 hectares. There is also a tiny stock of Godello with 0.5 hectares in Brazil, In 2010, 1,094 hectares were designated under the Godello name (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)