The red variety comes from France, Synonyms are Gauget Noir, Gouge Noir, Gouget, Goujet, Lyonnais, Neou, Neyran, Neyrou. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Gamay or Pinot Noir be confused. According to DNA analysis it is probably a direct offspring of the variety Gouais blanc; the second parent is unknown. The early ripening vine is very prone to Botrytis, It produces bright, acid red wines. It was first mentioned in 1843 as a variety of the Allier and Cher départements, where it was widespread in the mid-19th century, with several thousand hectares. After phylloxera disaster It was increasingly replaced by Gamay from the late 19th century. In the early 1960s, she still occupied over 700 hectares of vineyards, but this stock has shrunk by 2010 to only 10 hectares.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012