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The red grape variety comes from Spain. Around 80 synonyms testify to old age and widespread use. Some alphabetically grouped by country are Graciana ( Argentina ); Xeres ( Australia ); Courouillade, Couthurier, Morastell, Morrastell, Negrette de Pays, Tannat Bordelais, Tannat Gris ( France ); Bastardo Nero, Bovale, Bovaledda, Bovaleddo, Bovaleddu, Bovale Sardo, Bovale Piccolo, Bovale Piticco, Cagliunari, Caglunari, Caglunari Bastardo, Cagniulari, Cagnovali, Cagnovali Nero, Cagnulari Sardo, Cagnelataat, Caldelata, Ualda Italy ); Minostello, Minustello, Minustellu, Minustillu ( Corsica ); Tinta Miúda ( Portugal ); Alicante, Graciano 15-5, Graciano de Haro, Graciano Tinto, Monastrell Menudo, Monastrell Verdadero, Moristell, Muristellu, Tinta de Fontes, Tinta do Padre Antonio, Tinta Fontes, Tinta Menuda, Tintilla de Rota, Tintillo, Zinzillosa ( Spain ).

Graciano - grape and leaf

Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Bobal. mazuelo (Bovale, Zinzillosa), Monastrell (Mourvèdre) Moristel. Morrastel Bouschet. Négrette. Parraleta. Pascale or Tintilla de Rota be confused. The lineage (parenthood) is unknown, but has been through DNA analysis clarified some genetic relationships. The variety is a parent of the varieties presumably created by natural crosses MANDON and Negro Castrais, The two varieties Bovale Sardo and Cagnulari (with many similar synonyms) cultivated in Sardinia are identical.

The medium-late ripening, low-yield vine is prone to the wrong mildew and bunch rot, It produces colorful, tannin and extract-rich red wines with a distinctive acidity and aromas pepper and cherries, which also have aging potential. The variety was in Spain in the 19th century phylloxera widespread, but then faced extinction and was on the occasion of the high classification Rioja area revived to DOCa. In 2010, 2,281 hectares were planted again.

In France she used to be under Morrastel Languedoc-Roussillon popular until the mid-19th century, today there are only 10 hectares left. To Sardinia it came during the Spanish occupation in the 16th century (not the other way around). Here it is under Bovale Sardo or Cagnulari in the DOC wines Alghero. Campidano di Terralba and Mandrolisai approved on 469 hectares. In Portugal in 2010 she was mainly Tinta Miúda in the areas Alentejo and Lisboa 332 hectares. There are other stocks as Graciana in Argentina (19 ha), in California and as Xeres in Australia, In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 3,112 hectares of vineyards with an upward trend (in 2000 there were 1,910). It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking at rank 142.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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