The red grape variety comes from Spain. Around 80 synonyms bear witness to old age and widespread use. Some alphabetically grouped by country are Graciana ( Argentina ); Xeres ( Australia ); Courouillade, Couthurier, Morastell, Morrastell, Negrette de Pays, Tannat Bordelais, Tannat Gris ( France ); Bastardo Nero, Bovale, Bovaledda, Bovaleddo, Bovaleddu, Bovale Sardo, Bovale Piccolo, Bovale Piticco, Cagliunari, Caglunari, Caglunari Bastardo, Cagniulari, Cagnovali, Cagnovali Nero, Cagnulari Sardo, Cagnulatu, Caldareddhu, Calda Reio, Uva Cagnelata ( Italy ); Minostello, Minustello, Minustellu, Minustillu ( Corsica ); Tinta Miúda ( Portugal ); Alicante, Graciano 15-5, Graciano de Haro, Graciano Tinto, Monastrell Menudo, Monastrell Verdadero, Moristell, Muristellu, Tinta de Fontes, Tinta do Padre Antonio, Tinta Fontes, Tinta Menuda, Tintilla de Rota, Tintillo, Zinzillosa ( Spain ).
It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Bobal. mazuelo (Bovale, Zinzillosa), Monastrell (Mourvèdre) Moristel. Morrastel Bouschet. Négrette. Parraleta. Pascale or Tintilla de Rota be confused. The descent (parenthood) is unknown, however, were by DNA analysis clarified some genetic relationships. The species is a parent of the varieties probably originated by natural crosses MANDON and Négret Castrais, The two cultivated in Sardinia varieties Bovale Sardo and Cagnulari (with many similar synonyms) are identical.
The medium-maturing, low-yielding vine is prone to falseness mildew and bunch rot, It produces colorful, tannic and extract-rich red wines with striking acidity and aromas pepper and cherries that also have aging potential. The variety was in the 19th century in Spain until the phylloxera widespread, but was then dying out and was on the occasion of the high classification of Rioja area revived to DOCa. In 2010, 2,281 hectares of vineyards were again reported.
In France she was under Morrastel in the past Languedoc-Roussillon popular until the middle of the 19th century, today there are only 10 hectares. To Sardinia She arrived during the Spanish occupation in the 16th century (not the other way around). Here she is under Bovale Sardo or Cagnulari in the DOC wines Alghero. Campidano di Terralba and Mandrolisai allowed on 469 hectares. In Portugal occupied them in 2010 as Tinta Miúda especially in the fields Alentejo and Lisboa 332 hectares. Other stocks exist as Graciana in Argentina (19 ha), in California and as Xeres in Australia, The variety occupied a total of 3,112 hectares of vineyards in 2010 and rising (in 2000 it was 1,910). It is thus worldwide varieties ranking on rank 142.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)