The red grape variety is a new breed between Aramon Noir x Petit Bouschet, Synonyms are Grand Noir de la Calmette as the second main name, Gros Noir ( France ); Grand Bouschet, Sumo Tinto ( Portugal ); Gran Negro ( Spain ). The cross was made in France in 1855 by the famous breeder Henri Bouschet, Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Alicante Henri Bouschet (Sumo Tinto) or Morrastel Bouschet (father himself) to be confused. The variety was a cross partner of the three new varieties Cabinda. Vera Cruz and Zaire,
The productive vine is susceptible to real ones mildew, She produces dark-colored red wines peppery Note that due to the color strength also as teinturier (Dye grape) are suitable. The variety was in France until the 1920s Languedoc and in the region cognac widespread, but the population has shrunk extremely to just one hectare. In Spain will be especially in Galicia in the two areas Ribeira Sacra and valdeorras grown and occupies 774 hectares of vineyards there. In Portugal is the variety in the range Alentejo represented with 179 hectares. There are also small stocks in Argentina with two hectares and California, In 2010 the total area was 955 hectares (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2010
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)