The red grape variety is a new breed between Aramon Noir x Petit Bouschet, Synonyms are Grand Noir de la Calmette as the second main name, Gros Noir ( France ); Grand Bouschet, Sumo Tinto ( Portugal ); Gran Negro ( Spain ). The crossing took place in 1855 in France by the famous breeder Henri Bouschet, It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Alicante Henri Bouschet (Sumo Tinto) or Morrastel Bouschet (father himself) to be confused. The variety was crossing partner of the three new breeds Cabinda. Vera Cruz and Zaire,
The productive vine is prone to real mildew, She brings dark-colored red wines peppery Note, which due to the color strength as well teinturier (Dye grape) are suitable. The variety was in France until the 1920s in the Languedoc and in the region cognac However, the stock shrank extremely to just over one hectare. In Spain she is mostly in Galicia in the two areas Ribeira Sacra and valdeorras cultivated and occupied there 774 hectares of vineyards. In Portugal is the species in the area Alentejo represented with 179 hectares. There are also small stocks in Argentina with two acres and California, In 2010 the total area was 955 hectares (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2010
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)