The white grape variety comes from Romania. The Romanian name means "Fats from Cotnari" and the Hungarian name Kövérszölö means "fat grape", which indicates the large berries. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Dicktraube, Resertraube, Sicktraube ( Austria ); El Grasz, Gras, Grasz, Grasă, Grasă de Cotnar, Grasă Mare, Grasă Mică, Grasi, Grassa, Grassa Mare, Grassa Mica, Poamă Grasă, Som ( Romania ); Bajor, Fehér Kövérszölö, Fehérszölö, Fejérszölö, Kövérszölö, Pataki ( Hungary ).
It is a very old variety, which is probably identical to the Fehérszölö, which was often mentioned earlier in the Tokaj region. The ampelograph Hermann Goethe (1837-1911) mentioned it under Kövér Szöllö in 1876 and names Transylvania as its origin. The three varieties Grasă Crocantă (crispy berries), Grasă Galbenă (yellow berries) and Grasă Verde (green berries) are described in Romania; this biodiversity indicates Romanian origin out. This is also due to genetic relationships with the Romanian varieties Feteasca Alba and Fetească Regală supported. Because of morphological Similarities (especially leaves) are often associated with the Furmint mistaken. Grasă de Cotnari was a crossing partner in the new breeding Columna,
The vine is very susceptible to Botrytis and therefore almost predestined for noble sweet Wines. It is also susceptible to wrong people mildew, but quite resistant to frost and drought, It produces greenish-yellow to golden-yellow wines with a nut aroma, high alcohol content and little acid. In Romania it is mainly grown in the Moldava region and in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains. It becomes the famous sweet wine Cotnari vinified. Above all, it is blended with the variety Tamâioasa Romaneasca ( Muscat Blanc ) used. The Romanian vineyard area is 640 hectares. In Hungary it is one of the official varieties for the production of aszu on 45 hectares Tokay, In 2010, a total of 685 hectares of vineyards were shown (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)