Designation used in Germany and Austria for geographically defined winegrowing areas in order to determine the ancestry of a wine. Most of them (especially in Germany) are very large vineyards, which can span several hundred to over a thousand hectares.
After this growing region and the Area the third largest wine-growing area unit, which (mostly) consists of several individual layers consists. The areas mostly consist of several large locations. 164 large locations are registered, the average size is 600 hectares, the largest cover up to 1,800 hectares. This designation was created with the 1971 Wine Act to give larger producers the opportunity to market their wines produced in large quantities under a uniform name. It is confusing that the large locations were often named after a single location. The large area is controversial because it is difficult to tell whether it is a single or large area. Critics even speak of a consumer deception. The large locations are given in the growing areas, such as. B. Petersberg in the Siebengebirge area ( middle Rhine ).
A large location within the meaning of the Austrian Wine Act is a wine-growing area within a wine-growing region, which allows one to expect similar and equivalent wines. The indication of a large location (as with municipality or Riede ) may only be used for wine made from grapes that at least 85% come from the specified large area, the rest from the wine-growing region. But they are rarely on one label cited. The Federal Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management must determine major locations by ordinance to the extent that it appears necessary to adapt to existing market structures and to achieve a market-compliant offer. These are broken down by state:
Burgenland : Goldbachtal, Heideboden, Rechnitzer Rosalienkapelle, Rusterberg, Sonnenberg and Südburgenland (replaced the large locations of Rechnitzer Geschriebstein and Pinkatal in 2016). The Kaisergarten, Rosalia was deleted in 2018 (became the fifth Burgenland in 2016 DAC area ) and Vogelsang.
Lower Austria : Badener Berg, Bisamberg-Kreuzenstein, Falkensteiner Hügelland, Göttweiger Berg, Harterberg, Kaiserstiege, Kapellenweg, Klosterneuburger Weinberge, Kremser Kreuzberg, Kremser Sandgrube, Kremser Sommerleithen, Matzner Hügel, Pulkautal, Retzer Land, Schatzberg, Spitzer Graben, Steinfeld, Soosser Sonnberg Traismaurer vineyards, Tulbinger Kogel, Tullnerfeld, Venusberg, Vöslauer Hauerberg, Weißer Stein, Wölblinger primary, Wolkersdorfer Hochleiten. In 2018, the women's wine garden and Tattendorf stone hell were deleted.
Styria : All major Styrian locations in the wine growing areas of South Styria (Eichberg or South Styrian Rebenland, Sausal) and Vulkanland Styria (East Styrian Hills, Styrian Volcanic Country) were abandoned from the introduction of the DAC areas in 2018, as these are identical in terms of area to the cross-town names of the same name ,