In Germany and Austria used name for geographically defined wine growing areas for the purpose of determining the ancestry a wine. It is (especially in Germany) mostly to very large vineyards, which can span several hundred to over a thousand hectares.
After this growing region and the Area the third largest vineyard unit, which (mostly) consists of several individual layers consists. The areas usually consist of several major locations. There are 164 major sites registered, the average size is 600 hectares, the largest cover up to 1,800 hectares. This designation was created with the Wine Law in 1971, to give larger producers the opportunity to market their wines produced in large quantities under a single name. It is puzzling that the major sites were often named after a single location. The large-scale situation is therefore controversial, because it is difficult to recognize whether it is a single or large location. Critics even speak of a consumer illusion. The major locations are indicated in the growing areas, such as. B. Petersberg in the Siebengebirge area ( middle Rhine ).
A large location in the sense of the Austrian wine law is a winegrowing area within a Weinbaugebietes, which can expect similar and equivalent wines. The indication of a large situation (as well as with municipality or Riede ) may only be used for wine made from grapes of which at least 85% originate from the specified area, the rest from the vineyard. But they are rarely on one label cited. Insofar as it seems necessary in the interests of adapting to given market structures and to achieving a market-conforming offer, the Federal Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management must lay down large-scale orders by ordinance. These are structured according to the states:
Burgenland : Goldbachtal, heathland, Rechnitzer Rosalienkapelle, Rusterberg, Sonnenberg and southern Burgenland (replaced in 2016 the major sites Rechnitzer Geschriebstein and Pinkatal). In 2018, Kaisergarten, Rosalia (was renamed in 2016 to the fifth Burgenland DAC area ) and bird song.
Lower Austria : Badener Berg, Bisamberg-Kreuzenstein, Falkensteiner hill country, Göttweiger mountain, Harterberg, Kaiserstiege, Kapellenweg, Klosterneuburger vineyards, Kremser Kreuzberg, Kremser sand pit, Kremser summer Leithen, Matzner hill, Pulkautal, Retzer country, Schatzberg, Spitzer digging, Steinfeld, Soosser Sonnberg, Traismaur vineyards, Tulbinger Kogel, Tullnerfeld, Venusberg, Vöslauer Hauerberg, White Stone, Wölblinger Urgestein, Wolkersdorfer Hochleiten. In 2018 women's vineyard and Tattendorfer Steinhölle were canceled.
Styria : All major Styrian vineyards in the wine-growing areas of southern Styria (Eichberg and Südsteirisches Rebenland, Sausal) and Styria (eastern Styrian hill country, Styrian volcanic land) were abandoned from the introduction of the DAC areas in 2018, since these are identical in area with the identically named, local community names ,