The Greek history of winegrowing began, so to speak, with an affair of the supreme god Zeus with the beautiful Seméle (daughter of Harmonia, goddess of concord), who gave birth to Dionysos the god of wine, joy, grapes, fertility and ecstasy. The antiquity Greece or on the basis of archaeological finds, especially the island Crete is considered one of the "cradles of European wine culture". Already in the Mycenaean culture in the 16th century BC (Mycenae = northeastern Peloponnese ) there was viticulture, whereupon found amphorae point out. Wine was an important part of the drinking culture of everyday life. The Greeks are among the very first, where wine as a valuable commodity acquired great importance.