The white grape variety comes from Austria. The most important of the 80 Synonyms alphabetically grouped by country are Valtelin Blanc, Valteliner, Valteliner Blanc, Valteliner Vert, Veltliner Verde ( France ); Green Valtellina ( New Zealand ); Dreimänner, Falkensteiner, Feldlinger, Grauer Veltliner, Grüner, Grüner Muskateller, GrüVe, GV, Manhardsrebe, Manhardtraube, Manhartsrebe, Mauhardsrebe, Mouhardrebe, Veltliner, Weißer, Weißer Reifler, Weißgipfler = second main name ( Austria ); Bielospicak, Veltlínské Zelené ( Slovakia ); Zeleni Veltinec ( Slovenia ); Veltliner ( South-Tirol ); Veltlínské Zelené ( Czech Republic ); Zöld Veltelini, Fehérhegyü ( Hungary ).
Slight genetic traits suggested that the central Veltliner lead variety Red Veltliner is a grandparent. Through 1998 DNA analysis by the Austrian biologist Dr. Ferdinand Regner was the Traminer identified as a parent. In 2000, a very old vine was discovered in the St. Georgen community in Burgenland. The previously unknown variety was St. Georgen and is the second parent after Regner's DNA analysis in 2007. Whether father or mother variety remains open. The genes and properties of St. Georgen, however, have prevailed much more strongly than those of the Traminer.
Grüner Veltliner is with most of the others Veltliner places. if at all, only remotely related. Hermann noticed this already Goethe (1837-1911) in his handbook of 1887 ampelography with the words "that botanically it does not belong to the Veltelin family" . The ethymological origin of "Veltliner" is unclear, including "Feldlinger". A frequently accepted reference to Valtellina (Italian Valtellina) in the Lombardy is obsolete due to the clarified parentage. The current name was first mentioned in 1855, but did not become established until the 1930s. Before, the variety was mostly called "Weißgipfler" or "Grüner Muskateller", although it didn't nutmeg having. The Ampelograph Balthasar sprinkler (1724-1791) mentioned in 1766 a "Green Muscat" from Ödenburg, which corresponds to the Green Veltliner. According to DNA analyzes carried out in 1996, Grauer Veltliner is one mutation :
The Grüner Veltliner was around in the middle of the 19th century Retz in the Weinviertel, at the Brünner Strasse and Horner Strasse is very common. There he ousted the mass bearer Heunisch ( Gouais Blanc ). Until the Second World War, however, it was only occasionally represented in Austria. Only with the introduction of the wine pioneer Lenz Moser III. (1905-1978) High culture-Cultivation It spread quickly from the 1950s and became the dominant variety. With 13,518 hectares recorded in 2009, the variety accounts for around 30% of the total vine area; but the trend is falling. The variety is cultivated in all Austrian wine-growing regions, especially in the "Veltliner-Land" (Weinviertel). The importance of the Grüner Veltliner in Austria was here due to the original wine, which was first introduced in 2003 Weinviertel DAC underlined, which was soon called another of this variety Kamptal DAC. Kremstal DAC and Traisental DAC followed.
The medium to late ripening, productive vine is susceptible to both mildews, It makes no great demands on the ground (not too dry or wet), it thrives just as well on poor as on fertile soils. The flexible variety is well suited for primary rock soils, such as in the Wachau and in Kremstal, Loess soils such. B. in the Kremstal and Wagram, but also heavy clay and clay soils such. B. in Weinviertel, In terms of climate and soil, the Austrian conditions are ideal. The variety produces fruity-spicy white wines with aromas of citrus, peach and, with a long aging, almond. The spicy aroma is often referred to in Austria as " peppery " designated. With appropriate expansion there is good storage potential. The classic Grüner Veltliner in Austria “ bone-dry “Expanded, but also finds sweet Prädikatsweine and sparkling wine use. There are a variety of different requirements Clone (see below Mössmer clone ).
Other European countries with acreage are Bulgaria. Germany (7 ha), France. Italy (165 ha), Croatia. Romania (1 ha), Slovakia (2,091 ha), Slovenia. Czech Republic (1,527 ha) and Hungary (1,533 ha). In the United States is the variety as Gruner Veltliner (without umlaut) in the states California. Maryland. Oregon. Pennsylvania and Washington cultivated in small quantities. Other overseas stocks exist in Argentina (8 ha), Australia and New Zealand, In 2010, a total of 18,849 hectares of vines were recorded with a downward trend (in 2000 there were 23,604 hectares). The variety was in the worldwide varieties ranking at rank 41.
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)