The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Arlandino, Balestra, Barbesino, Barbesinone, Barbisino, Berbesino, Chiavennaschino, Grignolino Fino Nero, Grignolino Grosso Nero, Grignolino Rosato, Grignolino Rosso, Grugnolino, Grugnolino Pisano, Nebbiolo Rosato, Pollasecca and Verbesino. About a possible relationship with the white variety Biancone di Portoferraio (with the synonym Grignolino Bianco) nothing is known. A document dated November 7, 1249 mentions that the church of Sant Evasio in the municipality of Casale Monferrato in Piedmont planted a piece of land with "good Berbexinis vines". Italian ampelographers agree that the Grignolino variety (and not the Barbera ) is meant because Berbesino is still a synonym today. In any case, a "Grignolerii" is mentioned in 1337 and thus testifies to the age of the variety.
The medium to late ripening vine has the property of ripening unevenly. It is susceptible to real ones mildew and particularly sensitive to it Botrytis and bunch rot, The name derives from the dialect word "grignòle" (meaning "crunch"), which indicates an unusually high number of seeds. As a rule, it produces light-colored, low-alcohol red wines with a spicy acidity and aromas of flowers and herbs. Sometimes the wine is also called "Italy's answer to the Beaujolais “(From the variety Gamay ) designated.
The variety is grown in Piedmont mainly grown in the two provinces of Asti and Alessandria and also in small quantities in Cuneo. There it is contained in numerous DOC wines, among others Barbera d'Asti. Barbera del Monferrato. Colli tortonesi. gabiano. Grignolino d'Asti. Grignolino del Monferrato Casalese. Malvasia di Casorzo d'Asti and Rubino di Cantavenna contain. In 2010 the Italian acreage was 915 hectares with a downward trend; ten years earlier it was 1,328 hectares (Statistics Kym Anderson ). There are also small areas in California where the variety from the winery Heitz is maintained.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Doris Schneider, Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY