The red variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Arlandino, Balestra, Barbesino, Barbesino, Barbisino, Berbesino, Chiavennaschino, Grignolino Fino Nero, Grignolino Grosso Nero, Grignolino Rosato, Grignolino Rosso, Grugnolino, Grugnolino Pisano, Nebbiolo Rosato, Pollasecca and Verbesino. About a possible relationship to the white variety Biancone di Portoferraio (with the synonym Grignolino Bianco) nothing is known. In a document dated 7 November 1249 it is mentioned that the church of Sant Evasio in the municipality of Casale Monferrato in Piedmont has planted a piece of land with "good Berbexinis vines". Italian ampelographers agree that with it the variety Grignolino (and not about Barbera ), because Berbesino is still synonymous today. In any case, a "Grignolerii" is mentioned in 1337 and thus testifies the high age of the variety.
The medium to late ripening vine has the property of ripening unevenly. She is prone to real mildew and especially sensitive to Botrytis and bunch rot, The name derives from the dialect word "grignòle", meaning an unusually high number of nuclei. It usually produces light colored, alcohol-rich red wines with spicy acidity and aromas of flowers and herbs. Sometimes the wine is also called "Italy's answer to the Beaujolais "(Of the sort Gamay ) designated.
The variety is in the Piedmont grown mainly in the two provinces of Asti and Alessandria and also in smaller quantities in Cuneo. There it is contained in numerous DOC wines, which among other things are Barbera d'Asti. Barbera del Monferrato. Colli Tortonesi. gabiano. Grignolino d'Asti. Grignolino del Monferrato Casalese. Malvasia di Casorzo d'Asti and Rubino di Cantavenna contain. In 2010, the Italian acreage amounted to 915 hectares with falling tendency; Ten years earlier, there were still 1,328 hectares (Statistics Kym Anderson ). There are also small areas in California where the variety from the winery Heitz is maintained.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Photos : Doris Schneider, Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY