The red grape variety comes from France, Synonyms are Bourdalès, Franc Noir, Gamay de Châtillon, Gamay Groslot, Grolleau de Cinq-Mars, Grolleau des Mahé, Grolleau de Touraine, Grolleau de Tourraine, Grolleau de Tours, Groslot, Groslot de Vallères, Groslot Noir, Moinard and Pineau de Saumur , Despite apparently suggestive synonyms, she is not allowed to use the varieties Gamay or Gascon (Franc Noir) can be confused. According to 2004 DNA analysis it is one of the many direct descendants of the variety Gouais Blanc; the second parent is unknown. color mutations are Grolleau Blanc (meaningless) and Grolleau Gris,
According to A. Bouchard, the variety was grown in 1810 by a winemaker named Lothion in the municipality of Mazières-de Touraine west of Tours in what is now the area Touraine planted. The productive vine is susceptible to Flavescence doree and Black spots disease, It produces light red, acidic wines and is mainly used for the production of rosé wines. It is mainly on the Loire grown where they are in the rosé appellations Anjou (Capitals), Saumur and Touraine is allowed. In 2010 the variety only occupied 2,350 hectares in France; At the end of the 1950s there were still over 28,000 hectares.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
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