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growing zone

viticultura zona (ES)
viticulture zone (F)
viticulture zone (GB)
viticoltura zona (I)
viticultura zona (PO)

The criteria for the suitability of a region for viticulture are considered as Weinbauwürdigkeit designated. Depending on the climatic Conditions become the countries of the EU regarding viticulture divided into the three main zones A, B and (with 5 subzones) C:

A : Belgium, Denmark, most of Germany (except Baden region), England, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, Czech Republic (Cechy = Bohemia)

B : Germany (Baden only), Northern / Eastern France (Champagne, Alsace, Jura, Loire, Lorraine, Savoie), Austria, Slovakia (except Tokay), Northern Slovenia (Podravje, Posavje), Romania (Podisul Transilvaniei) , Czech Republic (Morava = Moravia)

C Ia : South / West France (Bordeaux, Burgundy, Provence, Rhône, Sud-Ouest), Northern Spain (Asturia, Cantabria, Coruna, Guipuzcoa, Viscaya), Northern Portugal, Romania (rest), Romania (Rest ), Slovakia (Tokay only)

C Ib : small part of northern Italy (Aosta Valley, South Tyrol), Hungary

C II : Bulgaria (Dunawska, Rawnina, Chernomorski Raion, Rosowa Dolina), Southern France (Languedoc-Roussillon), Central and Northern Italy (Abruzzo, Emilia-Romagna, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Liguria, Lombardy except Sondrio, Marche, Campania, Molise, Piedmont, Tuscany, Umbria, Veneto except Belluno, Southern Romania, Spain (eg Penedés, Rioja), Coastal region Slovenia (Primorska)

C IIIa : Bulgaria (rest), Greece (cooler parts) with Crete, Cyprus (over 600 m)

C IIIb : France (Corsica, Pyrenees-Orientales), Greater Greece, Southern Italy (Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Sardinia, Sicily, other islands), Southern Spain (rest), Southern Portugal (rest), Malta, Cyprus (up to 600 m)

All wine regions in Austria count to the wine zone B, in Germany except the cultivation area to bathe (Weinbauzone B) all to Weinbauzone A. The minimum values ​​regarding alcohol content and Mostgewicht, as well as various winemaking procedures such as enrich. deacidification and leavening are determined differently per viticulture zone (see also under wine law ). It is considering reducing to three zones north, center, south and gradually increasing the minimum requirements in north. In California due to special analyzes there is a subdivision into five different climatic zones.

By the now scientifically proven and hardly arguable fact of a (too) fast climate change If necessary, there will have to be changes in the classification of the wine-growing zones. From the mid-1990s is in this context Cool Climate Winegrowing become popular, under which the planting of vines in higher areas with continental climatic conditions. See also below northernmost vineyard. southernmost vineyard and highest vineyard as well as under Records,

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