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Gumpoldskirchen

The Lower Austrian wine-growing community is located in the wine-growing region Thermenregion next to Wien, Until 1985, Gumpoldskirchen was next to Bad Vöslau an independent winegrowing area. Even the Romans recognized the prevailing optimal conditions for viticulture. Already in 1120, the place was mentioned in a document, when the eponymous Gumpold of Pornheim gave his nephew Sigeboto vineyards here. In 1380 granted Duke Albrecht III. (1349-1395) the citizens of Gumpoldskirchen the right to sell their wine in the village and auszuschenken. Later, the exact rules for the Leitgeben (Serving of wine) set. In 1784, Emperor Joseph II (1741-1790) confirmed the right of the Buschenschenker and thus laid the foundation for the this year of which there are many in this community today.

Gumpoldskirchen - vineyard and Deutschordens castle with parish church

Gumpoldskirchner vintages were already in the Middle Ages for their strength, that is for the high alcohol content known. The well-known clergyman Johann rhymed about it quickly (1540-1612) in his wine book as follows: "Who Gumpoldskirchner drinks two measure, which can not go alone Strass" . Emperor Ferdinand II (1578-1637) appreciated the wine from the sunny, calcareous slopes of the Anninger. The composer Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) recommended his family doctor Gumpoldskirchner wine. End of the 19th century destroyed the phylloxera many vineyards; In the particularly terrible year of 1891 there were none at all vintage, In 1898, the "Emperor Franz Joseph Jubilee Country Wine School" - today's "wine and guest" - was founded.

The vineyards of the municipality Gumpoldsklirchen comprise about 300 hectares of vineyards with medium Kalkbraunerde- and pebbly soils. 90% of the white wine varieties Rotgipfler (60 ha), Zierfandler (50 ha), Neuburger (40 ha), Riesling and Riesling cultured. In the red wines prevail Blue Portuguese (10 ha), Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) and Zweigelt in front. Well-known Gumpoldskirchner vineyards are Alte Ried, Badnerweg, Brindlbach, Eichberger (belongs to the Weinbauschule), Goldknöpferl, Grimling, Hans-Michl, Hofbreite, Hofpoint, Kramer, Kreuzweingarten, Mandlerin, Prichern, Satzing, Schwaben, Sonnberg, mirror and To weigh, In the agricultural college "Wine & Guest" is taught, inter alia, in the subjects of cellar, viticulture, serving customer, wine laboratory and crop production. In the village there is a wine-growing museum, where you can buy wines back to the year 1945, and a vinegar museum. The two kilometers outside the village Stiftsweingut Heiligenkreuz - Freigut Thallern is one of the oldest wineries in Austria. Others are Biegler Othmar. Krug Gustav. Schellmann. Spa red Gebeshuber. Straitz & Straitz and Zierer Harald,

Vineyards: By Georges Jansoone - Own Work, CC BY 2.5 , Link
Castle of the Teutonic Order: Henry Kellner - own work, CC BY-SA 4.0 , Link

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