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Gumpoldskirchen

The Lower Austrian wine-growing community is located in the wine-growing region Thermenregion close to Wien, Gumpoldskirchen was next to 1985 Bad Voeslau an independent wine-growing region. Even the Romans recognized the optimal conditions for viticulture prevailing here. The place was first mentioned in 1120 when the eponymous Gumpold von Pornheim gave his nephew Sigeboto vineyards here. In 1380, Duke Albrecht III granted (1349-1395) the citizens of Gumpoldskirchen the right to sell and serve their wine locally. Later the exact rules for that Leitgeben (Serving the wine). In 1784, Emperor Josef II (1741-1790) confirmed the right of the Buschenschenker and thus laid the foundation for the this year, of which there are numerous in this community today.

Gumpoldskirchen - vineyard and Teutonic Order Castle with parish church

Gumpoldskirchner vintages were already in the Middle Ages for their strength, that is, for the high alcohol content known. The well-known clergyman Johann rhymed about this quickly (1540-1612) in his wine book as follows: "Whoever drinks Gumpoldskirchner two measures, can not walk alone on his street" . Emperor Ferdinand II (1578-1637), valued the wine from the sunny, calcareous slopes of the Anninger. The composer Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) his family doctor recommended Gumpoldskirchner wine. At the end of the 19th century, the phylloxera many vineyards; in the particularly terrible year of 1891 there were none at all vintage, In 1898 the “Kaiser Franz Joseph Jubilee State Wine School” - today's “Wine and Guest” - was founded.

The vineyards of the municipality of Gumpoldsklirchen encompass around 300 hectares of vineyards with medium-heavy limestone and gravel soils. The white wine varieties are 90% Rotgipfler (60 ha), Zierfandler (50 ha), Neuburger (40 ha), Riesling and Riesling cultured. Dominate the red wine varieties Blue Portuguese (10 ha), Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) and Zweigelt in front. Well-known Gumpoldskirchner Rieden are Alte Ried, Badnerweg, Brindlbach, Eichberger (belongs to the wine school), Goldknöpferl, Grimling, Hans-Michl, Hofbreite, Hofpoint, Kramer, Kreuzweingarten, Mandlerin, Prichern, Satzing, Schwaben, Sonnberg, mirror and To weigh, In the agricultural technical school "Wein & Gast", subjects such as cellar management, viticulture, serving, wine laboratory and plant cultivation are taught. In the village there is a winegrowing museum, in which one can buy wine back to the vintage 1945, as well as a vinegar museum. The one two kilometers outside of town Heiligenkreuz Stiftsweingut - Freutut Thallern is one of the oldest wineries in Austria. More are Biegler Othmar. Pitcher Gustav. Schellmann. Late red Gebeshuber. Straitz & Straitz and Ornamental Harald,

Vineyards: By Georges Jansoone - own work, CC BY 2.5 , Link
Teutonic Order Palace: Henry Kellner - own work, CC BY-SA 4.0 , Link

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