The French doctor, physicist and scientist Jules Guyot (1807-1872) first completed a medical degree and then became a revolutionary politician. After a jail term, he gave up politics and began to work on scientific work on mechanics, physics and telegraphy. Among other things, invented a new locomotive type. Likewise engaged intensively with viticulture and winemaking, He visited many important French wine regions and published on the basis of these studies in 1872 his major work "Etudes des Vignobles de France" (Studies of the Vineyards of France). His knowledge led to great changes in French viticulture.
As early as 1860, Guyot continued to develop an already well-known fruit tender cut system, making it popular all over the world. This most frequently practiced in European quality winegrowing in many countries Guyot form (Low espalier ) was named after him. He also dealt with fruit growing, a pear variety also bears his name. In his honor was at the University of Burgundy in Dijon the Institute "Vigne et du Vin" named after him.