The French doctor, physicist and scientist Dr. Jules Guyot (1807-1872) first studied medicine and then became a revolutionary politician. After a resulting stay in prison, he gave up politics and began to work on scientific work on mechanics, physics and telegraphy. Among other things, invented a new locomotive type. He also worked intensively on viticulture and winemaking, He visited many important French wine-growing regions and based on these studies published his main work “Etudes des vignobles de France” (Studies of the French Vineyards) in 1872. His knowledge led to major changes in French viticulture.
As early as 1860, Guyot developed a well-known fruit rod cutting system and made it popular all over the world. This is the most commonly practiced in European quality viticulture in many countries Guyot form (Low espalier ) was then named after him. He was also involved in fruit growing, a pear variety also bears his name. In his honor was at the University of Burgundy Dijon the institute "Vigne et du Vin" is named after him.