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The famous poet (1324-1390) is considered the greatest poet of Persia ( Iran ). His real name was Mohammed Shams ed-Din. Hafis or Hafes means "keeper" and was a rarely given honorary name for those who knew the Qur'an by heart and were able to recite it accurately and literally. Other names were "holy fool" and "Rose of Shiraz". He lived and died in the city of Shiraz (mistakenly considered the origin of the species Syrah where he is buried under a temple-like pavilion. In his time, he was considered the greatest connoisseur of the Koran and Islamic law. In his songs and poems, he not only glorified Allah and the Koran, but also sang the beauty of nature, the love of women, wine, to give, as well as song and dance. He loved life in all its fullness and sensuality and exuberantly praised it in his poems. He mocked the letters pious with his tongue, so the Islamic clerics persecuted him for his "blasphemous speeches" and accused him of heresy and blasphemy. His verses are written in the special, oriental poem Ghasel (Gespinst).

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