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Hammurabi

Hammurabi I (1728-1686 BC) was the 6th king of the 1st Dynasty of Babylon with the title "King of Sumer and Akkad". He agreed Babylonia and conquered or destroyed Mari, the center of an empire (today Syria, northwest of Abu Kamal) and a large part Assyria, His empire spanned almost the entire area Mesopotamia to the Persian Gulf. In 1901, a stele made of diorite was found (today in the Louvre in Paris), which contains a large part of the laws of private and public law that he passed. This collection of laws, known as the "Codex Hammurabi", is one of the oldest in the world. It says: Wine is one of the most precious gifts on earth. So he demands love and respect, we have to show him respect.

Stele with the Codex - Hammurabi before God Šamaš - excerpt from the text

The relief on the head of the stele shows Hammurabi, who received the code of law from the sun god Šamaš (Shamash). The part about wine it contains is considered the oldest wine law of the world. Hammurabi introduced fixed prices, put harvests and regulated sales for wine bars and dealers with price caps. Severe penalties are threatened if rules are violated. In the event of errors or fraudulent intentions when calculating the colliery, the tap girls were threatened with falling into the water and if a priest went into a wine house and drank wine, she was at risk of burns. The Codex Hammurabi also contains precise guidelines for the production of beer, See also under Ancient wines and drinking culture,

Map of Bybylonia - at the time of Hammurabi

Stele: Von Mbzt - Own work, CC BY 3.0 , Link
Stele headboard: By Sailko , CC BY 2.5 , Link
Maps:
Biblwissenschaft.de

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