Hammurabi I (1728-1686 BC) was the sixth king of the 1st Dynasty of Babylon entitled "King of Sumer and Akkad". He agreed Babylonia and conquered or destroyed 1692 Mari, the center of an empire (today Syria, northwest of Abu Kamal) as well as a large part Assyria, His empire stretched almost over the whole Mesopotamia to the Persian Gulf. In 1901, a stele of diorite was found (now in the Louvre in Paris), which contains a large part of the laws issued by him private and public law. This code of laws called "Codex Hammurabi" is one of the oldest in the world. It says: Wine is one of the most precious gifts on earth. So he demands love and respect, we have to respect him.
The relief on the head of the stele shows Hammurabi, who receives the law code of the sun god Šamaš (Shamash). The part about wine is the oldest wine law of the world. Hammurabi introduced fixed prices, put harvests fixed and regulated the sale for wine bars and dealers with price caps. If regulations are violated, severe punishments are threatened. In case of mistakes or fraudulent intent in calculating the colliery, the tavern girls were threatened to be thrown into the water and when a priestess went to a wine house and drank wine, she was threatened with burning. Similarly, the Codex Hammurabi contains precise guidelines for the production of beer, See also below Ancient wines and drinking culture,