The white grape variety comes from Hungary. The name means "lime leaf" and is derived from the remotely similar leaf shape as well as from the aroma of the large, loose berry-like grapes. Synonyms are Feuille de Tilleul(France); Lipolist, Lipolist Biyali(Croatia); Lamb's Tail, Lime Leaf, Linden Leaf, White(Austria); Lipovina(Slovakia, Czech Republic); Budai Fehér, Budai Goher, Harch Levelu, Hárslevele, Hárslevelu, Hársleveleue, Harst Levelyu, Hárzevelu, Hosszunyelü Féher, Kerekes, Kereklevelü, Tarpai(Hungary).
It must not be confused with the varieties Ezerjó (Budai Fehér, Kerekes), Hosszunyelü or Mézes Fehér (Budai Fehér), in spite of any synonyms or morphological similarities which may appear to indicate this. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2008, she is a direct descendant of Furmint; the second parent is unknown. Hárslevelü was a crossing partner of the new breeds Conegliano, Ezerfürtü, Kabar, Lena, Urreti, Zefír.
The late ripening vine is sensitive to drought and frost, and susceptible to botrytis and powdery mildew. It produces extract-rich, spicy white wines with aromas of lime blossom and lime blossom honey. It is also popular as a table grape. Doe variety occupies a total of 1,659 hectares in Hungary. Its susceptibility to botrytis makes it predestined for the famous Tokaj, in whose territory it occupies around 1,100 hectares. The remaining amount is located in the areas of Balatonfüred-Csopak, Eger (with the famous white wine "Debröi Hárslevelü"), Somló and Villány. There are other stocks in Romania (20 ha), Slovakia (141 ha), Austria and South Africa (56 ha). In 2010, a total of 1,876 hectares of vineyard area were designated (Kym Anderson).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)