In human history is the regular consumption of alcohol directly related to cultivated agriculture, when it started 6,000 to 8,000 years ago beer-like To brew drinks from grain. Individual experiences were already made by people, but more or less by chance, when, for example, fruit began to ferment in the first primitive vessels and the resulting alcoholic fluids were consumed. Very soon, these were also used for alleviating or healing purposes, because they recognized various positive effects by chance, but of course could not interpret their cause. This is attested in many ancient scriptures, including in the Bible,
In the Jewish Talmud (Rabbi Banal): Where there is no wine, you need medicines . At the Greek doctor Hippocrates (460-377 BC), wine played a role in almost all his remedies. Among other things, he prescribed it to cool the fever, as a diuretic, as a fortifying remedy for convalescence, and as a painkiller and sedative. The Romans used the effectiveness of wine as an antibiotic, because in the conquest trains, the soldiers with wine (or vinegar ) mixed water. In some ancient cultures, alcohol consumption was and even intoxication also used as a means of communication. At the exuberant festivals in honor of the wine god Dionysos in ancient Greece, intoxication was thought of as a purifying ceremonial with psychohygienic effects (for more on practices and customs, see drinking culture ).