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Historically important city on the Neckar with around 150,000 inhabitants in the north of the German wine-growing region to bathe in the Badische Bergstrasse area. There are numerous sights here, such as the oldest German university founded in 1386. Heidelberg has been a center of art, science and viticulture for many centuries. In the 1960s, the traditional locations opposite the Heidelberg Castle went wild. The high workload in the extreme steep slopes no longer paid off. Viticulture was reactivated in 1998. The Heidelberg individual layers are called Burg, Dachsbuckel, Dormenacker, Heiligenberg, Herrenberg and Sunny side above the bridge,

Heidelberg: View from the Philosophenweg to the old town with the castle, the Holy Spirit Church and the Old Bridge over the Neckar

From the 13th to the middle of the 18th century, Heidelberg was the seat of the Palatine Counts of the Rhine. A total of 700,000 liters of wine for the drink-resistant castle residents were stored in many barrels in the basement. A wine pipe led from the basement to the royal ballroom with space for 500 guests, the wine was pumped up by a hand pump. For festivities, around 2,000 liters of wine were needed every day. A diary entry of the drink-proof Elector Friedrich IV of the Palatinate (1574-1610) from July 9, 1598 lives on in a well-known drinking song: Angrily rolled in bed, Elector Friedrich of the Palatinate, against all etiquette, he roared at the top of his neck: How did I get into the nest yesterday? I seem to have been full again . He drank himself to death and died at the age of only 36.

Heidelberg - Elector Friedrich IV ,. Court jester Perkeo and statue of the elector in the ancestral gallery in the castle

One of them is in the castle largest barrels in the world, which was made in 1751 from 130 oak trunks with a length of 8.5 m and a diameter of 7 m and held 221.726 liters of wine. It was filled with red and white wines mixed from above, but this only happened three times because it was never tight. According to legend, Elector Karl III. Philipp (1661-1742) named a jester Perkeo (see the story there in detail). He was famous for his wine consumption in enormous quantities with supposedly 15 bottles of Rhine wine a day. This was appointed guardian of the barrel by the elector. The Perkeo inn in the city center is named after him.

Heidelberg - barrel

Heidelberg: By Christian Bienia - Color correction by Heidelberg by Godewind , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Frederick IV: By Dominicus Custos , public domain, link
Perkeo: From Unknown - Perkeo , Public Domain, Link
Ancestry gallery: Von Contradictus - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Barrel left: From Ramessos , public domain , link
Right barrel: Immanuel Giel , public domain, link

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