Historically significant town lying on the river Neckar with about 150,000 inhabitants in the north of the German wine-growing region to bathe in the area Badische Bergstraße. There are numerous attractions such as the oldest German university, which was founded in 1386. For many centuries Heidelberg was a center of art, science and viticulture. In the 1960s, the traditional locations over the Heidelberger castle. The high workload in the extreme steep slopes did not count anymore. In 1998, viticulture was reactivated. The Heidelberg single layers are called Castle, Dachsbuckel, Dormenacker, Heiligenberg, Herrenberg and Sunny side if the Bruck,
From the 13th to the middle of the 18th century, Heidelberg was the seat of the Palatine of the Rhine. In the cellar stored in many barrels a total of 700,000 liters of wine for the drink-resistant castle dwellers. A wine pipe led from the cellar to the royal ballroom with room for 500 guests, with a hand pump, the wine was pumped up. Festivities required around 2,000 liters of wine a day. A diary entry of the drinking-hardy Elector Frederick IV of the Palatinate (1574-1610) of July 9, 1598 lives on in a well-known drinking song: Angry rolled in bed, Elector Frederick of the Palatinate, against all etiquette, he roared out of his throat: How did I get into the nest yesterday? Am, it seems, again fully satisfied . He drank himself to death and died at the age of only 36.
In the castle stands one of the largest barrels in the world, which was made in 1751 from 130 oak logs 8.5 m long and 7 m in diameter and 221,726 liters of wine summed up. It was filled from above mixed with red and white wines, but only three times because it was never dense. According to legend, Elector Karl III. Philipp (1661-1742) called a jester Perkeo (see the story in detail there). This was famous for its wine consumption in immense quantity with alleged daily 15 bottles of Rhine wine. This was appointed by the Elector as guardian of the barrel. After him, the inn Perkeo is named in the city center.