The French King Henry IV (1553-1610), the first of the Bourbons, is considered a great connoisseur of the French kings and was also a very special wine lover (in some sources he is dubbed "drunkard"). There are innumerable events about him and sometimes legendary stories related to wine. Henry IV was baptized Roman Catholic, but changed faith several times. As King Henry of Navarra he was a Huguenot (Protestant) leader. After lengthy struggles with the French Catholics, he stood as a French king for discussion, but was not recognized by the Catholic League. Therefore, he converted again in 1593 to Catholicism.
He called his conversion a "dangerous leap" (le saut périlleux). In this context, his saying "Paris is worth a Mass" (Paris vaut bien une messe) but was later put to him by the Protestants in the mouth. He also introduced the "Carabiniers du Roi", the predecessors of the musketeers as the king's bodyguard. It did not help him, because he was murdered by a Catholic fanatic (that incidentally was the 18th assassination attempt on him).
Henry IV possessed among other vineyards in the Champagne, It is said that he is titled "Lord of the Vineyards of Aÿ "Preferred all others to whom he was entitled as ruler of France. In the course of the religious wars, he besieged Paris, but in between mercifully announced a truce, so that the inhabitants of their vintage could hold. The Burgundian winemakers of the Burgundian community Givry (Côte Chalonnaise area) proudly claim that the king's mouthwatered red wine was the best before any other in France. His lover Gabriele d'Estrées owned a vineyard, which is why he had good reasons to visit frequently.
Near Chavignol near Sancerre in the Loire Valley He personally planted a tree that is said to still stand today. He called the wine of this place the best he had ever tasted, and if all the people in his kingdom were drinking it, all religious wars would come to an end. The Sancerre is going out Sauvignon Blanc and he was allegedly because of this variety to the great wine connoisseur. For his grandfather is said to have rubbed his lips with a clove of garlic after birth and instilled in him a tiny sip of wine. His father Anton von Bourbon (1518-1562) took the baptism with a sweet Jurançon by moistening his lips with it.
To his abundantly enjoyed favorite wines also counted some of the areas Lirac and Orléanais, To limit the excessive consumption of the king, wrote his physician and adviser Joseph du Chesne (1544-1609) in 1606 in his "treatise on the health "The following: The wines of Coussy and d'Hay and similar wines have been found even better than those of Orleans who are smoky and a headache cause. Therefore, all of the King's head waverers are to be sworn to not serve the King of Orléans wine at their receptions, even if the wine is quite good.
Allegedly, the Italian grape Doux d'Henry named after him. The legendary background of the naming was that at a meeting with the Italian monarch Charles Emanuel I (1562-1630) at the beginning of the 17th century, a sweet wine made from it was served and praised. Incidentally, he was a regular guest of the famous restaurant that still exists today La Tour d'Argent in Paris, in its historic wine cellar store 450,000 bottles of wine today.