The red grape variety comes from the United States, Synonyms are Black Herbemont, Bottsi, Brown French, Dunn, Herbemon, Herbemont's Madeira, Hunt, Kay's Seedling, Madeira, McKnee, Neal Grape, Neil Grape, Warren, Warrenton and White Herbemont. She may not start breeding Hunt be confused. The exact origin is controversial and still unclear. The United States botanist assigned them to the species he described Vitis bourquina to that from crosses between species Vitis aestivalis x Vitis cinerea should have arisen. But it is also believed that Vitis vinifera was also involved. The variety also belongs to the species Vitis bourquina Jacquez,
In any case, such a variety was made by the breeder Nicholas Herbemont (1771-1839) in 1798 in a plantation in Columbia ( South Carolina ) found and named as Madeira. He selected, propagated and marketed the vine, which is why it was called Herbemont's Madeira or Herbemont. By a certain Henry Hunt, it was said to have existed before the American Revolution (1763 to 1783) Georgia brought and then spread in Warren County in the early 19th century, from which the two synonyms in question are derived. If that is true, would that have been long before Herbemont's find (1798)?
The vine was a cross partner of the new varieties albania. Bush and Folle America, It is extremely resistant to fungal diseases and Pierce Disease but not suitable for cooler areas. In the last third of the 19th century, it came during the Phylloxera disaster to Europe, there were also stocks in Austria, In the southern United States, it is mainly in the United States South Carolina. Texas and Tennessee cultured. In 2010, however, were only in Brazil recorded 764 hectares of vineyards (Statistics Kym Anderson Anderson Kym ).
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)