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The red grape variety comes from the United States, Synonyms include Black Herbemont, Bottsi, Brown French, Dunn, Herbemon, Herbemont's Madeira, Hunt, Kay's Seedling, Madeira, McKnee, Neal Grape, Neil Grape, Warren, Warrenton and White Herbemont. She may not with the new breed Hunt be confused. The exact origin is controversial and still unclear. The US botanist assigned them to the species he described Vitis bourquina to that, from crosses between the species Vitis aestivalis x Vitis cinerea should have originated. But it is also believed that Vitis vinifera was also involved. The species Vitis bourquina belongs to the species Jacquez,

Herbemont - grape and leaf

In any case, such a variety of the breeder Nicholas Herbemont (1771-1839) in 1798 in a plantation in Columbia ( South Carolina ) and named as Madeira. He selected, propagated and marketed the vine, which is why it was referred to as Herbemont's Madeira or Herbemont. By a certain Henry Hunt was allegedly before the American Revolution (1763-1783) after Georgia brought in the early 19th century in Warren County, from which also derives the two synonyms. If that's true, would that have been so long before Herbemonts Fund (1798) ?!

The vine was crossing partner of the new breeds albania. Bush and Folle Américaine, She is extremely resistant to fungal diseases and Pierce Disease but not suitable for cooler areas. In the last third of the 19th century she arrived during the Phylloxera disaster to Europe, there were also stocks in Austria, In the southern United States, it is mainly in the States South Carolina. Texas and Tennessee cultured. In 2010, however, were only in Brazil records 764 hectares of vineyards (Statistics Kym Anderson Anderson Kym ).

Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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