As Cru (top appellation) classified area in the northern section of the Rhone on the left bank, named after the mountain of the same name. Case by case are on the labels also the terms Ermitage, l'Ermitage or l'Hermitage. It is located in the southern part of the section on the left bank of the Rhône. North closes the area Crozes-Hermitage on. Already 400 v. Chr. Was here by the Phoenicians presumably grown wine. The Greek historian Strabo (63 BC-28 AD) reported that the banks of the Rhône were covered by vines and possibly meant exactly this area. The name Hermitage is derived from the hermitage of the crusader Henri Gaspard de Sterimberg, who retired from the year 1224 on the hill of Tain and founded a hermitage (Ermitage) to devote himself to prayer and viticulture.
The south-facing vineyards cover about 140 hectares of vineyards in the three municipalities of Crozes-Hermitage, Larnage and Tain-l'Hermitage in the department Drôme, Despite the small extent of the area is very diverse. In the highest, western part of the soil consists of granite and fine clay. The eastern, larger part of the slope consists in the middle of boulders of sand and limestone. And the highest places are covered with loess. Some particularly steep areas are protected against slipping with limestone walls. They are among the steepest vineyards Europe. The climate is a mixture of continental and mediterannean influence with respect to the areas Côte Rôtie and Cornas sufficient rainfall. Due to the different soil types The area was divided into about 20 locations. The wines are usually blended from several layers, but also single-layer wines with information on the label marketed. The best known are the best ones steep Slope Les Bessards, as well as Les Greffieux, L'Hermite, Le Méal, Les Murets and Rocoule.
The red wine is one of the big ones vintages France. The legendary "La Chapelle" vintage 1961 of Jaboulet-Aîné belongs to the most expensive wines in the world (cuvéetiert from different layers every year). A Hermitage was one of the favorite wines of the writer Alexandre Dumas (1802-1879). The ruby red and extremely long-lived red wine develops only after a long time bottle aging of at least five to ten years his maturity, He is mainly of the sort Syrah (here Hermitage) and a maximum of 15% of white wines Marsanne and Roussanne vinified. The white wine, also in the Hermitage version Vin de paille (Straw wine) from dried grapes, is blended from Marsanne and / or Roussanne. The permitted yield is a maximum of 40 hl / ha. Well-known producers are Albert Belle, La Cave de Tain (Winery Cooperative), Chapoutier, Jean-Louis Chave, Domaine du Colombier, Bernard Faurie, Delas Frères, Philippe Desmeure, Faurie, Guigal. Jaboulet-Aîné Domaine des Martinelles, Père et Fils, Domaine des Remizières, Marc Sorrel and Tardieu-Laurent.