Area classified as Cru (peak appellation) in the northern section of the Rhone on the left bank, which is named after the mountain of the same name. Occasionally are on the labels also the names Ermitage, l'Ermitage or l'Hermitage. It is located in the southern part of the section on the left bank of the Rhône. The area closes to the north Crozes-Hermitage on. 400 BC Chr. Was here from the Phoenicians supposedly grown wine. The Greek historian Strabo (63 BC-AD 28) reported that the banks of the Rhone were covered with vines and may have meant this area. The name Hermitage is derived from the hermit dwelling of the crusader Henri Gaspard de Sterimberg, who retired to the Tain hill from 1224 and founded a hermitage (hermitage) to devote himself to prayer and viticulture.
The south-facing vineyards cover around 140 hectares of vineyards in the three municipalities of Crozes-Hermitage, Larnage and Tain-l`Hermitage in the department Drôme, Despite the small extent, the area is very different. In the highest, western part, the floor is made of granite and fine clay. The eastern, larger part of the slope consists of rubble of sand and limestone in the middle. And the highest places are covered with loess. Some particularly steep surfaces are protected from slipping with limestone walls. You are one of the steepest vineyards Europe. The climate is a mixture of continental and Mediterranean influence with the areas Côte Rôtie and Cornas sufficient rainfall. Because of the different soil types the area was divided into around 20 layers. The wines are usually blended from several layers, but also single-layer wines with information on the label are marketed. The best known are the best steep Slope Les Bessards, as well as Les Greffieux, L'Hermite, Le Méal, Les Murets and Rocoule.
The red wine is one of the really big ones vintages France. The legendary "La Chapelle" born in 1961 by Jaboulet-Aîné belongs to the most expensive wines in the world (cuvéet from different layers every year). A Hermitage was one of them favorite wines by the writer Alexandre Dumas (1802-1879). The ruby red and extremely long-lived red wine only unfolds after a longer period bottle aging from at least five to ten years maturity, It is mainly made from the variety Syrah (here also Hermitage) and a maximum of 15% of the white wine varieties Marsanne and Roussanne vinified. The white wine, also in the Hermitage version Vin de paille (Straw wine) from dried grapes, is blended from Marsanne and / or Roussanne. The maximum yield is 40 hl / ha. Well-known producers are Albert Belle, La Cave de Tain (wine cooperative), Chapoutier, Jean-Louis Chave, Domaine du Colombier, Bernard Faurie, Delas Frères, Philippe Desmeure, Faurie, Guigal. Jaboulet-Aîné, Domaine des Martinelles, Père et Fils, Domaine des Remizières, Marc Sorrel and Tardieu-Laurent.