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23.062 Keywords • 48.237 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.368 Pronunciations • 155.281 Cross-references

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Hesiod

Hesiod The Greek poet and historian Hesiodos (~ 750-680 BC) lived as a shepherd and farmer. Next Homer "Iliad" and "Odyssey" are his works the main source of Greek mythology. He is considered to be one of the first authors to describe viniculture not in the usual lyrical, but in prosaic form. Hesiod is also considered the earliest agricultural author. In his main work "Theogony" explains in 1022 verses the origins of the world and the origin of the Greek gods. In the peasant epic “Works and Days”, he sings the hard life of mountain farmers in 828 verses. He advises the winegrowers about Weingenuss : "Be economical around the middle of the barrel, but when opening and in the end you drink as much as you like, saving the trub is not worth it ".

He raves about a wine from the ancient city Byblos in today's Lebanon: "I love the shady rock and the Bibliner wine, a piece of cheese and goat milk and some meat". He reports of one sweet wine from the island Cyprus made from sweet, sun-dried grapes. This was the "Nama", the forerunner of today Commandaria, He writes about the ideal time for harvesting this wine: "When Orion and the star of the dog (Sirius) move into the middle of the firmament, the grapes are cut off and placed in the sun for ten days and nights". That could be used as a guide for making sweet wine rosinierten Grapes à la Trockenbeerenauslese interpret. The picture created by Gustave Moreau in 1891 shows Hesiod with a muse.

Image: By Gustave Moreau - Unknown, Public Domain, Link

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