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Hessian mountain road

The production area is located in Hessen in Germany between the rivers Neckar, Rhine and Main in the protection of the Odenwald on the western slope of the Odenwald. The vineyards cover 467 hectares of vineyards along the Rhine. The Romans already cultivated wine here and laid out the "Via strata montana" (mountain road). The first documented mention was in 755 regarding the donation of a vineyard in Heppenheim

Karte mit Anbaugebiet Hessische Bergstraße

Climate and soil

The mild climate prompted Emperor Joseph II (1741-1790) on his return from the coronation in Frankfurt to exclaim: "This is where Germany begins to become Italy. Due to early spring and late autumn there is a relatively long vegetation period with best sunshine and sufficient rainfall. This results in optimal conditions for viticulture. The main wine communities are Heppenheim and Bensheim with mainly loess loam soils. Buntsandstein is only found on two small "islands" (Heppenheimer Steinkopf and Maiberg). Only in the northern area (e.g. Zwingenburg) do granite weathered soils occur sporadically.

Areas, municipalities and locations

The wine growing area is divided into two areas, Umstadt (Odenwald wine island) and Starkenburg, in three large vineyards and 23 individual vineyards. The winegrowing communities with their individual sites:

  • Alsbach: Schöntal
  • Auerbach: Old castle, princely camp, Höllberg
  • Bensheim: Princes' camp, Hemsberg, Kalkgasse, Kirchberg, Paulus, Streichling
  • Brensbach: Holy fir
  • Dietzenbach: Wingertsberg
  • Erbach (district of Heppenheim): Maiberg
  • Gronau (district Bensheim): Hemsberg
  • Groß-Umstadt: Herrnberg, Stachelberg, Steingerück
  • Heppenheim: Centgericht, Eckweg, Maiberg, Steinkopf, Stemmler
  • Heubach (district Groß-Umstadt): Herrnberg
  • Kleestadt (district Groß-Umstadt): Stachelberg
  • Klein-Umstadt (district Groß-Umstadt): Stachelberg
  • Roßdorf: Roßberg
  • Schönberg: Prince's camp, Herrnwingert
  • Seeheim (with district Jugenheim): Mundklingen
  • Under Hambach: Maiberg, Steinkopf, Stemmler
  • Zell: Hemsberg, Stroking
  • Zwingenberg: Old castle, stone rubble

List of vine varieties

There were no major changes compared to 2009. White wine varieties dominate with almost 80%. The undisputed leader with a share of over 40% is the Riesling, followed by the rising star Ruländer (Pinot Gris). The status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

Grape variety
german Main name
in Germany
common synonyms
Colour Hectare
2018
%-
Ant
Hectare
2009
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 192 41,1 203
Grey Burgundy Pinot gris white 53 11,4 ?
Pinot Noir incl. velvet red Pinot Noir, Blauer S., Pinot Noir red 51 10,9 44
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling-Sylvaner white 26 5,6 29
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc white 25 5,4 38
Green Silvaner Silvaner white 15 3,2 16
Dornfelder red 14 3,0 15
Kerner white 11 2,4 13
Chardonnay white 7 1,5 2
Regent red 6 1,3 -
Saint Laurent Saint Laurent red 6 1,3 -
Red traminer Gewürztraminer, Traminer white 5 1,1 -
Cabernet Mitos red 3 0,6 3
Merlot red 3 0,6 2
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 3 0,6 4
Blanc sauvignon Nutmeg Sylvaner white 3 0,6 1
Blue Limberger Blaufränkisch, Lemberger red 2 0,4 -
Cabernet sauvignon red 2 0,4 1
Early Burgundy Blauer Frühburgunder, Clevner red 2 0,4 3
Gold Muscat white 2 0,4 -
Johanniter white 2 0,4 1
Scrubber Seedling 88 white 2 0,4 3
Souvignier Gris white 2 0,4 -
Acolone red 1 0,2 1
Auxerrois Lesser Heunisch white 1 0,2 1
Cabernet blanc white 1 0,2 -
Dakapo red 1 0,2 1
Dark fields red 1 0,2 1
Ehrenfelser white 1 0,2 4
Yellow Muscatel Muscat Plate,Muscat Blanc white 1 0,2 -
Reichensteiner white 1 0,2 1
Solaris white 1 0,2 -
Pinot meunier red 1 0,2 -
Rotberger red 1 0,2 2
Bacchus white 0 - 0
Cabernet dorio red 0 - 0
Cabernet cortis red 0 - -
Cabernet carbon red 0 - -
Cabernet dorsa red 0 - 0
Cabernet franc red 0 - -
Cabertin red 0 - -
Elbling white 0 - -
Helios white 0 - -
Hibernal white 0 - 0
Muscaris white 0 - -
Monarch red 0 - -
Morio Muscat Morio white 0 - 0
Nutmeg Ottonel white 0 - -
Pinotine red 0 - -
Rondo red 0 - -
Red Muscatel Muscatel white 0 - -
Saphira white 0 - -
Syrah Shiraz red 0 - 0
Tempranillo red 0 - -
White chasselas Chasselas white 0 - -
Zweigelt red 0 - -
Dyer's grape Teinturier du Cher red - - 0
Hegel red - - 0
Herald's vine red - - 0
otherwise. white varieties white 18 3,9 27
otherwise. red varieties red 1 0,2 14
WHITE TYPES 370 79,2 338
RED VARIETIES 97 20,8 89
TOTAL 467 100 427


Producers

There are 440 farms, of which around 150 only cultivate up to one hectare. About 260 of them deliver their grapes to the two winegrowers' cooperativesWinzergenossenschaftVinum autmundis andBergsträßer Winzerwith almost 60% of the total area. Worth mentioning is the VINIVERSUM, inaugurated in 2015, with the adventure trail "Wine and Stone". Other producers areHessian State Wineries,H. FreibergerandSimon-Bürkle.

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