The "Hessische Staatsweingüter GmbH Kloster Eberbach" with headquarters in the former Cistercian abbey Eberbach in the German growing region Rheingau is the largest winery in Germany with around 220 hectares of vineyards. The majority of the vineyards date back to the 12th century when the monastery was owned Cistercian here the famous monastery Eberbach founded. In the heyday of the abbey, its possessions covered almost 10,000 hectares, stretching from Worms to Cologne. This also included areas on Bergstrasse, which were managed through a manor directly under the Eberbach monastery. In 1803 it was under Napoleon (1769-1821) secularized the monastery property. The Duke of Nassau-Usingen became the new owner, the Kingdom of Prussia from 1866 and the State of Hesse since 1946. The well-known wine author Dr. Hans Ambrosi (1925-1912) was manager of the company from 1966 to 1990. Today's managing director is Dieter Greiner. Solemn events such as the annual take place in the monastery today Auctions instead of. The winery has three domains, each with its own wine cellar for the expansion of the wines.
The Bergstrasse domain is the only one in the growing region Hessian mountain road, The vineyards of this winery, founded in 1904 by the Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt, cover 38 hectares in individual locations Kalkgasse (Bensheim), Centgericht and Steinkopf (Heppenheim), as well Herrenwingert (Schoenberg). Mainly Riesling, as well as smaller areas Pinot Noir, Pinot Blanc and Pinot Gris are grown.
The red wine domain Assmannshausen in the Rheingau covers 17 hectares in a single location Höllenberg as well as 18 hectares in Rudesheimer Berg that are planted exclusively with Pinot Noir. The Riesling grapes from the Rheingau vineyards cover 147 hectares. These will be brought into the Steinberg cellar of the Steinberg domain, which opened in 2008. A large part of the Rheingau locations are as First position classified. The most well-known are Mount Rottland. Mount Roseneck and Schlossberg mountain (Rudesheim) Steinberg (near Hattenheim), Marcobrunn (Lauterbach) Baiken and Gehrn (Rauenthal) Nerobergbahn (Wiesbaden), as well Domdechaney and hell (High Home).
The main two varieties are Riesling with 85% and Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) with 10% of the total area. To be slow and steady fermentation to enable the temperature of the cooling water to be regulated via a modern carbon dioxide control. This is followed by a long yeast storage. The Riesling is grown almost exclusively in stainless steel tanks carried out, only the top wines are aged in the traditional semi (600 l), Piece- (1200 l) and double piece barrel (2400 l) reserved. The Pinot Noir wines are aged 100% in wooden barrels in almost exclusively cask size. Over 1.9 million bottles of wine are marketed annually. The winery is a founding member of the VDP (Association of German quality wine estates).