This education system was in Austria from the winery owner Laurenz (Lenz) Moser III. (1905-1978) in the 1930s in his own wine-growing business in Rohrendorf im Kremstal (Lower Austria) developed. After study trips in European wine-growing areas, he took over the then family wine in 1929. Today, however, it no longer belongs to the Lenz Moser family and trades under Lenz Moser AG, From the late 1920s, Moser undertook experiments with a wide-line wire frame supported education system, which he called high culture and which is now also referred to as Moser culture. From the year 1936 this was used exclusively in the own enterprise. After a severe wintry frost (against which the system provides protection) in 1956, the high culture was finally able to prevail. It is used on 90% of Austria's vineyards as well as in many wine regions in Europe and overseas. Out of gratitude, Lenz Mosser was founded in 1980 by the Austrian winegrowers in Rohrendorf a monument.
The vines were set in relatively wide intervals of 3.00 to 3.30 meters (1 floor 3 to 4 m² = approximately 3,000 floors / ha) and 1.00 to 1.30 meters high wire frame pulled (Weitraumerziehung). Due to the smaller number of vines / hectare than Stockkultur the sticks have a higher earnings to achieve the same area performance over denser vegetation. Every stick needs more shoots develop, but what more Scroll means. To get a sufficient exposition (Sun exposure), the shoots were divided (1/3 left, 1/3 in the middle in wire pairs, 1/3 right). From today's point of view, however, this is a hindrance to the use of mechanical devices such as Grape harvesters and foliage cutting devices. Therefore, the Laubdrehungung is no longer practiced today.
When cutting crowns with cross members (therefore high culture with cross yoke) and two additional tension wires, the cut fruit wood is distributed across. Due to the resulting unfavorable foliage distribution and hardly possible mechanical processing, this form no longer has any significance.
At the same angle cut , the long fruit rods are attached angled over a bending wire. Due to similar disadvantages as in crown education, this form has no meaning.
In the two-decker cut (or even double flat bow ), long strips (flat bows) are cut horizontally in both directions on the 1 to 1.30 meter high trunk and fastened to the tension wire. On a trunk with a height of 1 m to 1.30 m in height more or less long straighteners (flat bows) are cut and fastened on the tension wire in both directions. Usually a strong vine has to be cut longer with the front eye down and a weak vine shorter with the front eye up. This form is an advantage for all manual work, as they can be done while standing. She is very similar to the espalier with slightly higher strains.
In the half-arch section , a long half-arch is cut in one or both directions on the 1- to 1.30-meter-high trunk and attached to the tension wire. Compared to the two-track cut more eyes can be cut. In addition, the grape zone spreads over a higher zone.
In the heart cut (was standard form in the former Eastern Bloc) two half-bows and two whole bows are cut at a height of 1 meter. High yields can be achieved with these four long fruit rods.
Lenz Moser: Photo Studio Gartler, Krems an d. D., CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Pruning: From Unknown - Wine School Krems, GFDL 1.2 , Link
Prototype: By Bauer Karl - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Crowns: From Bauer Karl - Own Work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Angle Rods: From Bauer Karl - Own Work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Zweistrecker: By Bauer Karl - Own work, CC BY 3.0 , Link
Halfbow: By Bauer Karl - Own Work, CC BY 3.0 , Link
Heart: By Bauer Karl - Own Work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link