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higher alcohols

higher alcohols (GB)
See below alcohol,

The origin of the name comes from the Arabic and is derived from "guhlu" (powdered galena for dyeing the eyelids and eyelashes). The Arabs called this "kuhul" and it had the meaning of the "most beautiful and finest". The term was then also used for liquids that were considered the essence or "spirit" of a substance. The Arabs will also see the invention of distillation attributed to alcohol (for medical purposes). This is where "al-kuhul-vini" is derived, the finest of wine (spirit of wine). The naturalist and doctor Theophrastus Bombastus Paracelsus (1493-1541) first used the term "spiritus vini" (spirit of wine) for the result of a distillation, and finally the terms spirit of wine and alcohol became identical. First mentioned in writing was "Alcool" in Germany in 1597.

Formula for ethanol, propanol 1.2 and propanol 1.3
Alcohols are chemical compounds in which one or more hydroxy groups (hydrogen and oxygen) are directly attached to the carbon. If the molecule contains only one hydroxyl group, it is called monohydric or lower alcohols, contains more, then polyhydric or higher alcohols. Alcohols are among the...

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