The Greek doctor Hippocrates (460-377 BC) was on the island of Kos in the east Aegean born and is called the father of medicine. The "Hippocratic Oath" still defines the doctor's moral and ethical obligations. Wine plays an important role in almost all of the medicines it has handed down. In his work "Corpus Hippocraticum", therapeutic recommendations focus on the health Aspects of wine consumption pointed out by means of numerous examples. He prescribed wine, among other things, to cool the fever, as a general germicide, as a diuretic and as a strengthening for convalescents. Hippocrates gave detailed information and recommended certain wines according to the suffering or advised against enjoying them at all.
He also had very specific ideas about how to drink wine, namely neither too cold nor too warm. Prolonged consumption of warm wine, he claimed, leads to nonsense, while excessive consumption of cold wine leads to convulsions, cramps, burns, chills and fever. It was above all the Roman general Julius Caesar (100-44 BC) who subsequently used this knowledge in his many campaigns. His legionaries received a ration of wine every day to prevent intestinal diseases. Hippocrates recognized the chemical processes in the human body in connection with wine:
“Wine is a wonderful thing for people, provided that the drink is used sensibly and in good health and good health, in accordance with the physical condition of the individual. Mild, dark wines are wetter, have a flatulence and are better off with the chair. Heat bitter white wines without drying out, and they are better off with the urine than with the stool. New wines go off with the stool better than others because they are closer to the must and therefore more nourishing. Most causes winds, agitates the bowels and empties them. Sweet, partially fermented wine causes less heaviness in the head than vinoser (heavily fermented with more alcohol), it goes less to the brain, empties the intestines more than that, but causes the spleen and liver to swell. However, if there is a suspicion of excessive head heaviness or if there is an indication that the brain is being affected, then wine must be strongly discouraged ” .
According to the doctor, the “sleeve of Hippocrates”, a filter bag that was in use until the Middle Ages, and the spiced wine Hypocras named. In the second century AD there was a true renaissance of Hippocrates, which the Greek doctor did Galenos from Pergamon (129-216) contributed.