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Name (Keeper, orally "Hiata") for the formerly common function of Weingarten keeper; look there.

This temporary viticulture profession or function was once widespread throughout Europe, but today is almost extinct (the author has such vineyard keepers in Lower Austria in the 1950s, but still experienced, see picture below). Depending on the region and country, there were a variety of names such as Bannert, Beer Guardian, corridor guardians, Shepherds, year-watchers, Saltner (South Tyrol), Schütz or Wengertschütz, vineyard keepers and Wingerthüter. The guardians had in the "hat time" the task, from the time of the grape maturity - that is, before the beginning of the vintage - guard the vineyards and protect against theft.

Vineyard keeper in costume from Meran (South Tyrol) and Hirterhütte in Mühlbach at Manhartsberg Lower Austria

In addition, they had the vineyards before Schad birds (some still practiced today) and game damage preserve. Some of these guardians also had police violence against human grape thieves. They were ordered and paid by the local authorities. The activity was temporary and ended with the...

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