See below Netherlands,
Holland (heartland of today's Netherlands) had in the late Middle Ages great influence on the spirits and wine trade, From the end of the 16th century Holland advanced far to the leading naval power England. France. Portugal and Spain on. Around 1650, the largest merchant fleet in the world had around 10,000 ships. They bought alcoholic beverages throughout Europe and took them by ship to their colonies in North America, the East and West Indies, Ceylon, New Zealand and Tasmania. They were also the main providers of European countries. The port of Rotterdam became a major hub for wine.